, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 131–139 | Cite as

Item synonymization: A method for determining the total meaning of pencil-paper reactions

  • Theodore F. Lentz
  • Edith F. Whitmer


Items have been studied heretofore for their value as elements of particular tests to the neglect of more fundamental research into the multiple potentiality of items. This article proposes a method of grouping items into “synonymies” comprising all of the items which correlate with a given key item. These synonymies can be used for interpretation of the total meaning of the key item: (1) by inspection of the constituent items and (2) by correlational study of obtained single scores of individual persons. The method is illustrated by four items with inter- and intra-correlations, and characteristics of an ideal background reservoir of items are pointed out.


Public Policy Statistical Theory Correlational Study Individual Person Single Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1941

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore F. Lentz
    • 1
  • Edith F. Whitmer
    • 2
  1. 1.Washington UniversitySaint Louis
  2. 2.Jersey Township High SchoolJerseyville

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