Advertisement

Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 137–141 | Cite as

An integrated conservation strategy for the cycadDioon edule Lindl

  • A. P. Vovides
  • C. G. Iglesias
Papers

Abstract

The paper reviews an attempt to establish wild populations of the cycadDioon edule Lindl. as a locally valued economic resource. Areas of wild habitat have been protected to act as a source of propagation material. The cycads are being grown as a village based industry to provide revenue to supplement traditional agriculture.

Keywords

integrated conservation strategy cycads pollinators botanic garden Mexico 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arnold, C.A. (1953) Origin and relationships of the cycads.Phytomorph. 3, 31–65.Google Scholar
  2. Clark, D.A. and Clark, D.B. (1987) Temporal and environmental patterns of reproduction inZamia skinneri, a tropical rain forest cycad.J. Ecol. 75, 135–49.Google Scholar
  3. Clark, D.B. and Clark, D.A. (1988) Leaf production and the cost of reproduction in theZamia skinneri.J. Ecol. 76, 1153–163.Google Scholar
  4. Dehgan, B. (1983) Propagation and growth of cycads — a conservation strategy.Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 96, 137–9.Google Scholar
  5. Dehgan, B. and Schutzman, B. (1983) Effect of H2SO4 and GA3 on seed germination ofZamia furfuracea.HortSci. 18, 371–2.Google Scholar
  6. Dehgan, B. and Almira, F. (1993) Horticultural practices and conservation of cycads. InProceedings of Cycad 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology. (D.W. Stevenson and K.J. Norstog, eds.) pp. 322–8. Australia: Palm and Cyad Sociaties of Australia.Google Scholar
  7. Delevoryas, T. (1982) Perspectives on the origins of cycads and cycadeoids.Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 37, 115–32.Google Scholar
  8. Gilbert, S. (1984) Cycads: Status, trade, exploitation, and protection 1977–1982. USA: WWF-US Publication.Google Scholar
  9. Gómez-Pompa, A. and Sosa, V. (1991) Listado Floristico del Estado de Veracruz. Computer listing, Instituto de Ecología and Univ. California, Riverside, Ca.Google Scholar
  10. Gonzalez, A.C. (1990) Algunas interacciones entreDioon edule (Zamiaceae) yPeromyscus mexicanus (Rodentia: Cricetidae).La Ciencia y el Hombre. 5, 77–92.Google Scholar
  11. Mamay, S.H. (1976) Paleozoic origin of the cycads. U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 934, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  12. Newell, S.J. (1983) Reproduction in a natural population of cycads (Zamia pumula L.) in Puerto Rico.Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 110, 464–73.Google Scholar
  13. Norstog, K. (1987) Cycads and the origin of insect pollination.Amer. Sci. 75, 270–9.Google Scholar
  14. Norstog, K. and Fawcett, P.K.S. (1989) An insect-cycad symbiosis and its relation to the pollination ofZamia furfuracea (Zamiaceae) byRhopalotria mollis (Curculionidae).Amer. J. Bot. 76, 1380–94.Google Scholar
  15. Oldfield, S. (1991) Review of significant trade in species of plants listed on Appendix II of CITES. 1983–1989. Background data, pp. 1–295, Wildlife Trade Monitoring Unit, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  16. Prance, G. (1982) A review of the Phytogeographic evidences for Pleistocene climate changes in the neotropics.Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 69, 594–624.Google Scholar
  17. Rzedowski, J. (1978)Vegetación de México. Mexico City: Limusa.Google Scholar
  18. Schutzman, B., Vovides, A.P. and Dehgan, B. (1988) Two new species ofZamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) from southern Mexico.Bot. Gaz. 149, 347–60.Google Scholar
  19. Tang, W. (1987) Insect pollination in the cycadZamia pumila (Zamiaceae).Amer. J. Bot. 74, 90–9.Google Scholar
  20. Tang, W. (1989) Seed dispersal in the cycadZamia pumila in Florida.Can. J. Bot. 67, 2066–70.Google Scholar
  21. Toledo, V.M. (1982) Pleistocene changes of vegetation in tropical Medico. InBiological Diversification in the Tropics. (G.T. Prance, ed.) pp. 93–111. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Toledo, V.M. (1988) La diversidad biológia de México.Ciencia y Desarrollo. 14, 17–30.Google Scholar
  23. Toledo, V.M. (1991) La riquesa florística de México: un análisis para conservacionistas. Memorias de la Jornada Commemorativa del 200 Aniversario del Insigne Botánico Medicano José Mariano Mociño. (In Press).Google Scholar
  24. Toledo, V.M., Carabias, J., Toledo, C. and González-Pacheco, C. (1989) La Producción Rural en México: Alternativas Ecológicas. A. C. Mexico City: Fundación Universo Veintiuno.Google Scholar
  25. Vovides, A.P. (1990) Spatial distribution, survival, and fecundity ofDioon edule (Zamiaceae) in tropical deciduous forest in Veracruz, Mexico, with notes on its habitat.Amer. J. Bot. 77, 1532–43.Google Scholar
  26. Vovides, A.P. (1991) Insect symbionts of some Mexican cycads in their natural habitat.Biotropica. 23, 102–4.Google Scholar
  27. Wilson, E.O. (1988) The current state of biological diversity. InBiodiversity (E.O. Wilson, ed.) pp. 3–18. Washington, D.C: National Acadamy Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Vovides
    • 1
  • C. G. Iglesias
    • 1
  1. 1.Jardín Botánico ‘Fco J. Clavijero’Instituto de EcologíaXalapaMexico

Personalised recommendations