Psychometrika

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 225–232 | Cite as

The “idealized individual” interpretation of individual differences in multidimensional scaling

  • Norman Cliff
Article

Abstract

It is shown that several variants of the Tucker-Messick points of view procedure are interpretable in terms of their “idealized individual” concepts. It is contended that the main function of the method is that it allows the computation ofseveral vectors of mean judgments instead of only one and that each of these may be used to stand for the actual judgments of a subgroup of subjects. Vectors that do not correspond to the judgments of any subjects are to be avoided. It is alleged that Ross's interpretation of “points of view” is quite different from that intended by Tucker and Messick.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cliff, N. Analytic rotation to a functional relationship.Psychometrika, 1962,27, 283–295.Google Scholar
  2. Eckart, C. T., & Young, G. The approximation of one matrix by another of lower rank.Psychometrika, 1936,1, 211–218.Google Scholar
  3. Helm, C. E., & Tucker, L. R. Individual differences in the structure of color-perception.American Journal of Psychology, 1962,75, 437–444.Google Scholar
  4. Kruskal, J. B. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling: A numerical method.Psychometrika, 1964,29, 115–129.Google Scholar
  5. Ross, J. A remark on Tucker and Messick's “Points of view” analysis.Psychometrika, 1966,31, 27–32.Google Scholar
  6. Tucker, L. R. Determination of generalized learning curves by factor analysis. Technical report. Princeton: Educational Testing Service, 1960. (Mimeo.)Google Scholar
  7. Tucker, L. R. Learning theory and multivariate experiment: Illustration by determination of generalized learning curves. In R. B. Cattell (Ed.),Handbook of multi-variate experimental psychology. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1966. 476–501.Google Scholar
  8. Tucker, L. R., & Messick, S. An individual differences model for multidimensional scaling.Psychometrika, 1963,28, 333–367.Google Scholar
  9. Wiggins, Nancy. Individual viewpoints of social desirability.Psychological Bulletin, 1966,66, 68–77.Google Scholar
  10. Young, F. W., & Pennell, R. Views: An IBM system/360 program for points of view analysis.Behavioral Science, 1967,12, 166.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Cliff
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southern CaliforniaUSA

Personalised recommendations