, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 351–368 | Cite as

Factor analysis by minimizing residuals (minres)

  • Harry H. Harman
  • Wayne H. Jones


This paper is addressed to the classical problem of estimating factor loadings under the condition that the sum of squares of off-diagonal residuals be minimized. Communalities consistent with this criterion are produced as a by-product. The experimental work included several alternative algorithms before a highly efficient method was developed. The final procedure is illustrated with a numerical example. Some relationships of minres to principal-factor analysis and maximum-likelihood factor estimates are discussed, and several unresolved problems are pointed out.


Public Policy Experimental Work Factor Loading Efficient Method Statistical Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry H. Harman
    • 1
  • Wayne H. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.System Development CorporationUSA

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