Evolutionary Ecology

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 45–55

Morphological dispersion of introduced Hawaiian finches: evidence for competition and a Narcissus effect

  • Michael P. Moulton
  • Julie L. Lockwood

DOI: 10.1007/BF02285333

Cite this article as:
Moulton, M.P. & Lockwood, J.L. Evol Ecol (1992) 6: 45. doi:10.1007/BF02285333


Morphological analyses were conducted on finch species introduced to Oahu, Hawaii. As many as 25 species of finches representing four families (Emberizidae, Fringillidae, Ploecidae, Estrildidae) have been introduced to Oahu. Of these, 15 species currently have established wild populations. When compared with pools of 25 and 23 species introduced to Oahu, the 15 surviving species are morphologically overdispersed. This result is consistent with the hypothesis that competition has influenced the outcome of these introductions. We also tested the hypothesis that surviving introduced finches in one habitat (sugarcane fields) were morphologically overdispersed. When the seven surviving finch species found in sugarcane were compared with the pools of 25 and 23 species, they too were morphologically overdispersed. However, when the seven sugarcane species were compared with a species pool consisting of only the surviving 15 species found across Oahu, they were not morphologically overdispersed. This result suggests that morphological analyses of community structure based only on comparisons of assemblages of surviving species may be biased by a Narcissus effect.


introduced finches community structure Oahu, Hawaii morphological analyses principal components Narcissus effect 

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael P. Moulton
    • 1
  • Julie L. Lockwood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, L.B. 8042Georgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA

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