Advertisement

Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 121–129 | Cite as

Topographic EEG mapping of the relaxation response

  • Gregg D. Jacobs
  • Herbert Benson
  • Richard Friedman
Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the central nervous system effects of the relaxation response (RR) in novice subjects using a controlled, within-subjects design and topographic EEG mapping as the dependent measure. Twenty subjects listened to a RR and control audiotape presented in a counterbalanced order while EEG was recorded from 14 scalp locations. TheRR condition produced greater (p<.0164) reductions in frontal EEG beta activity relative to the control condition. No significant differences were observed for any other frequency band or scalp region. These findings suggest that elicitation of the RR produces significant reductions in cortical activation in anterior brain regions in novice subjects.

Key Words

relaxation response topographic EEG mapping central nervous system peripheral nervous system anterior cortex 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benson, H. (1975).The relaxation response. New York: Avon.Google Scholar
  2. Benson, H., Klemchuk, H. P., & Graham, J. R. (1974). The usefulness of the relaxation response in the therapy of headache.Headache, 14, 49–52.Google Scholar
  3. Benson, H., Rosner, B. A., Marzetta, B. R., & Klemchuk, H. M. (1974). Decreased blood pressure in pharmacologically treated hypertensive patients who regularly elicited the relaxation response.Lancet, 1(852), 289–291.Google Scholar
  4. Bloom, J. L., & Anneveldt, M. (1982). An electrode cap tested.Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 54, 591–594.Google Scholar
  5. Borkovec, T. D. (1982). Insomnia.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50, 880–895.Google Scholar
  6. Delmonte, M. M. (1984). Electrocortical activity and related phenomenon associated with mediation practice; A literature review.International Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 217–231.Google Scholar
  7. Domar, A. D., Seibel, M., & Benson, H. (1990). The mind/body program for infertility: A new behavioral treatment approach for women with infertility.Fertility and Sterility, 53, 246–249.Google Scholar
  8. Eisenberg, D. M., Kessler, R. C., Foster, C., Norlock, F. E., Calkins, D. R., & DelBanco, T. L. (1993). Unconventional medicine in the United States: Prevalence, costs and patterns of use.New England Journal of Medicine, 328, 246–252.Google Scholar
  9. Freidman, R., Zuttermeister, T., & Benson, H. (1993). (Letter to the editor).New England Journal of Medicine, 329, 1201.Google Scholar
  10. Goodale, I. L., Domar, A. D. & Benson, H. (1990). Alleviation of premenstrual syndrome symptoms with the relaxation response.Obstetrics and Gynecology, 75, 649–655.Google Scholar
  11. Hoffman, J., Benson, H., Arns, P., Stainbrock, G. L., Landsberb, L., Young, J. B., & Gill, A. (1982). Reduction sympathetic nervous system responsivity associated with the relaxation response.Science, 215, 190–192.Google Scholar
  12. Jacobs, G. D., & Lubar, J. F. (1989). Spectral analyses of the central nervous system effects of the relaxation response elicited by autogenic training.Behavioral Medicine, 15, 125–132.Google Scholar
  13. Jacobs, G. D., Benson, H., & Friedman, R. (1993). Home-based central nervous system assessment of a multifactor behavioral intervention for chronic sleep-onset insomnia.Behavior Therapy, 24, 159–174.Google Scholar
  14. Lehrer, P. M., Carr, R., Sargunaraj, D., & Woolfolk, R. (1994). Stress management techniques: Are they equivalent, or do they have specific effects?Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 19, 353–401.Google Scholar
  15. Mandle, C. L., Domar, A. D., Harrington, D. P., Leserman, J., Bozadjian, E., Friedman, R., & Benson, H. (1990). The relaxation response in femoral arteriography.Radiology, 174, 737–739.Google Scholar
  16. Markand, O. N. (1990). Alpha rhythms.Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 7, 163–189.Google Scholar
  17. Nauta, W. J. H. (1971). The problem of the frontal lobe: A reinterpretation.Journal of Psychiatric Research, 8, 167–187.Google Scholar
  18. Oken, B. S., & Salinsky, M. (1992). Alertness and attention: Basic science and electrophysiological correlates.Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 9, 480–494.Google Scholar
  19. Pagano, R. R., & Warrenberg, S. (1983). Meditation: In search of a unique effect. In R. Davidson, G. Schwartz, & D. Shapiro (Eds.),Consciousness and self-regulation. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  20. Wallace, R. K., & Benson, H. (1972). The physiology of meditation.Scientific American, 226, 84–90.Google Scholar
  21. West, M. A. (1980). Mediation and the EEG.Psychological Medicine, 10, 369–375.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregg D. Jacobs
    • 2
  • Herbert Benson
    • 2
  • Richard Friedman
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New York at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Mind/Body Medical InstituteDeaconess Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolBoston

Personalised recommendations