On bioclimatological aspects of Harmattan dust haze in Nigeria

  • D. O. Adefolalu


Saharan dust which is transported from the Tibesti region of Africa into the tropical atmosphere and its significant effects are discussed in relation to aeronautical and ecological problems. Incidence of Harmattan dust haze in Nigeria between November and March during the Northern Hemisphere winter is described and the major health hazards associated with its occurrence are discussed.

Results suggest that while large deposits of loess-rich dust may aid soil fertility at the fringes of the Saharan dust source, the increasing trend of frequency of occurrence and intensity of dust in Nigeria may worsen the health hazards in the north such as acute respiratory infections, pneumonia and bronchitis. This may become serious in the immediate future in the southern parts of Nigeria which hitherto had been spared the menace of severe Harmattan dust haze.


Dust Nigeria Bronchitis Health Hazard Acute Respiratory Infection 
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Über bioklimatische Aspekte des Hannattan-Staubdunstes in Nigeria


Der Sahara-Staub, der aus dem Gebiet von Tibesti in Afrika in die tropische Atmosphäre transportiert wird, und seine signifikanten Auswirkungen werden in Beziehung zu aeronautischen und ökologischen Problemen besprochen. Der Einfall von Harmattan-Staubdunst in Nigeria zwischen November und März im Winter der Nordhemisphäre wird beschrieben und die damit verbundenen Gesundheitsgefährdungen werden diskutiert. Die Ergebnisse weisen darauf hin, daß, während große Ablagerungen von lößreichem Staub die Fruchtbarkeit des Bodens am Rande der Staubquelle der Sahara fördern, die zunehmende Tendenz von Häufigkeit und Intensität der Staubeinfälle in Nigeria durch akute Infektionen der Atmungsorgane, Pneumonie und Bronchitis eine Gefährdung der Gesundheit im Norden verursacht. Dies mag in der unmittelbaren Zukunft in südlichen Teilen von Nigeria, die bisher von der Gefahr starker Harmattan-Staubeinfälle verschont waren, gefährlich werden.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. O. Adefolalu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Regional PlanningUniversity of CalabarCalabarNigeria

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