Evolutionary Ecology

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 264–272 | Cite as

The constraints of digestive rate: An alternative model of diet selection

  • Chris Verlinden
  • R. Haven Wiley

Summary

A general model is developed to predict diet selection when digestive capacity is limited and when food items differ in digestibility and digestive turnover time. Under these conditions, in order to maximize the rate of energy acquisition, animals should maximize digestive rate, by selecting food with high digestibility and rapid passage through the digestive tract. They should spend as much time as they have available to search for this food. These and other predictions differ from those of the widely used Contingency Model, which maximizes the rate of ingestion of energy. Many experiments in the literature have not discriminated between predictions of these two models. Moreover, clarification of the conditions under which these two general models apply leads to a new perspective on the diversity of foraging behavior in animals.

Keywords

Foraging theory diet selection digestion optimality herbivory 

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Verlinden
    • 1
  • R. Haven Wiley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Bertemse HeidewegBertemBelgium

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