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Bovine babesiosis in the European community

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Abstract

There are apparently three species of bovineBabesia within the European Community-B. divergens,B. major andB. bovis. The former is the principal cause of disease, but lack of information about the other two, particularly about the ability of the tickIxodes ricinus to act as their vector, makes further investigation essential. The potential hazard of indiscriminate movement of cattle within the E.C. is discussed, and a plea is made for the introduction of routine serological screening of cattle before their export.

Kurzfassung

In der Europäischen Gemeinschaft scheint es drei Arten vonRinderbabesia zu geben,B. divergens,B. major undB. bovis. Die erste Art ist die Hauptkrankheitsursache, aber mangelnde Kenntnisse über die anderen beiden, besonders über die Fähigkeit der ZeckeIxodes ricinus als übertrager zu dienen, lässt weitere Untersuchungen wesentlich erscheinen. Die potentiellen Gefahren durch uneingeschränkte Viehbewegungen innerhalb der EG werden erörtert, und es wird für die Einführung routinemässiger serologischer Untersuchungen der Tiere vor ihrer Ausfuhr plädiert.

Resume

Il existe apparemment trois sortes debabésia bovine dans la Communauté Européenne-B. divergens,B. major etB. bovis. La première est la cause principale de la maladie, mais le manque d'informations concernant les deux autres, particulièrement la capacité de la tiqueIxodes ricinus d'agir en tant que vecteur de ces maladies, rend des recherches complémentaires absolument nécessaires. Le danger virtuel que constituent les mouvements désordonnés de bétail à l'intérieur de la Communauté Européenne fait l'objet d'un discussion, et il est préconisé l'analyse systématique du sérum du bétail avant son exportation.

Riassunto

Nella Comunità europea pare esistano tre specie diBabesia bovina cioè-B. divergens,B. major eB. bovis. Principale causa di malattia è la prima, ma la mancanza di sufficienti informazioni sulle altre due, soprattutto riguardo al ruolo della zeccaIxodes ricinus come vettore, richiede lo svolgimento di ulteriori ricerche. I rischi potenziali inerenti al movimento indiscriminato dei bovini nella C.E. sono oggetto di discussione e si suggerisce l'istituzione di regolari controlli sierologici dei bovini prima che gli stessi vengano esportati.

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Purnell, R.E. Bovine babesiosis in the European community. Vet Res Commun 1, 289–296 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02267661

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • European Community
  • Avant
  • Potential Hazard