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Modification of flag leaf senescence and yield characters in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by gibberellic acid and kinetin

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Abstract

Barley plants (Hordeum vulgare L.) received foliar applications of 10−4 M gibberellic acid (GA3) and Kinetin (KN) individually and in combination at one or more of three growth stages: flag leaf appearance (I), ear emergence (II), and the first stage of senescence initiation in the flag leaf (III). Both plant growth regulators (PGR) hastened onset of senescence when sprayed at Stage I and/or Stage II. Treatment at Stage III, either alone or in combination with treatments at the other stages, tended to postpone senescence. Yield components also showed stage-dependent response: Stage I treatment increased the formation of total and bearing tillers, and Stage III treatment improved grain number and weight. However, while GA3 proved more effective than KN, the two together acted antagonistically.

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Mishra, S.D., Gaur, B.K. Modification of flag leaf senescence and yield characters in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by gibberellic acid and kinetin. J Plant Growth Regul 4, 63–70 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02266944

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Keywords

  • Kinetin
  • Gibberellic Acid
  • Leaf Senescence
  • Flag Leaf
  • Leaf Area Duration