Larvae of the caddisTrichostegia minor (Curtis) were collected from four woodland pools in The Netherlands, three of which are temporary, from August 1986 till June 1987. Eggs and larvae of this species proved to be very well adapted to drought, freezing, strongly fluctuating pH and alkalinity levels and prolonged oxygen deficit. The life cycle ofT.minor in a small woodland marsh overgrown byCalla palustris took one year. Adult flight period started at the end of May. Oviposition took place independent of water. Hatching of the eggs started in September and was probably induced by immersion. During the larval stage from September until May, 5 instars could be distinguished by the size of the head capsule. Growth of instars I, II and III during autumn was moderate. Most larvae overwintered as instar III or IV. Possibly there was a larval diapause during winter. In spring rapid growth to instar V took place prior to pupation. Growth rate, expressed as the increase of mean individual dry weight was highest from March to April (2.05±0.75% DW.m−2.d−1). In extremely shallow water growth in spring was initially more rapid compared to growth in deeper water. During winter the growth rate decreased to 0.038±0.071% DW.m−2.d−1. Net annual production based on the changes of momentary biomass was 183.2±31.7 mg DW.m−2.y−1 or 177.2±31.3 mg AFDW.m−2.y−1. Production loss during the winter season was 75.1±10.8 mg DW.m−2.y−1 or 72.3±10.6 mg AFDW.m−2.y−1.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
BOUVET, Y., 1977. Adaptations physiologiques et comportementales desStenophylax (Limnephibilidae) aux eaux temporaires. In: M.I. Crichton, ed., Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk, Dordrecht, p. 117–119.
DENIS, C., 1977. Larval and imaginal diapauses in Limnephilidae. In: M.I. Crichton., ed., Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk, Dordrecht, p. 109–116.
ELLIOT, J.M., 1981. A quantitative study of the life cycle of the net-spinning caddisPhilopotamus montanus (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae) in a Lake District stream. J Animal Ecol., 50: 867–883.
ERMAN, N.A., 1987. Caddisfly adaptations to the variable habitats at the landwater interface. In: M. Boumaud & H. tachet, eds., Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk, Dordrecht, p. 275–279
GALEWSKI, K., 1971. A study on morphobiotic adaptations of European species of the Dytiscidae, (Coleoptera). Pol. Pism. Entomol., 41: 487–702.
HICKIN, N. E., 1967. Caddis larvae. Larvae of the British Trichoptera. Hutchinson, London.
IVERSON, T.M., 1971. The ecology of a mosquito population (Aëdes communis) in a temporary pool in a Danish Beech wood. Arch. Hydrobiol., 69: 309–332.
LEPNEVA, S.G., 1971. Larvae and pupae of Integripalpia. In: A.A. Strelkov ed., Fauna of the USSR. Trichoptera vol. II. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jeruzalem, p. 1–700.
LEUVEN, R.S.E.W., H.L.M. KERSTEN, J.A.A.R. SCHUURKES, J.G.M. ROELOFS, and G.H.P. ARTS, 1986a. Evidence for recent acidification of lentic soft waters in The Netherlands. Water. Air and Soil Pollution, 30: 387–392.
LEUVEN, R.S.E.W., and J.A.A.R. SCHUURKES, 1985. Effecten van zure neerslag op zwak gebufferde en voedselarme wateren. Publikatiereeks Lucht no. 47. Ministerie van Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieubeheer, 's-Gravenhage.
LEUVEN, R.S.E.W., J.A.M. VANHEMELRIJK, and G. VAN DER VELDE, 1987. The distribution of Trichoptera in Dutch soft waters differing in pH. In: M. Bourmaud & H. Tachet, eds., Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk, Dordrecht, p. 359–365.
LEUVEN, R.S.E.W., G. VAN DER VELDE, J.A.M. VANHEMELRIJK, and R.L.E. EEKEN, (1986b. Impact of acidification on the distribution of aquatic insects in lentic soft waters. In H.H.W. Velthuis, ed., Proceedings of the 3rd European Congress of Entomology. Dutch Entomological Society, Amsterdam, p. 103–106.
NOVAK, K., and F. SEHNAL, 1963. The development cycle of some species of the genusLimnephilus (Trichoptera). Cas. Cesk. Spol. Entomol., 60: 68–80.
OKLAND, J., and K.A. OKLAND, 1986. The effects of acid deposition on benthic animals in lakes and streams. Experientia, 42: 471–486.
OLSON, T.I., 1982. Lateral movements versus stationary adaptive altematives in benthic invertebrates to the seasonal environment in a boreal river. Ph. D. thesis, Umeå Universitetet.
OTTO, C., 1982. Habitat, size and distribution of Scandinavian limnephilid caddisflies. Oikos, 38: 355–360.
OTTO, C., 1983. Behavioural and physiological adaptations to a variable habitat in two species of case-making larvae using different food. Oikos, 41: 188–194.
STROOT, Ph., 1984. Les Trichoptères de Belgique et des régions limitrophes. Atlas provisoire des Insectes de Belgique. I.R.S.N.B., Bruxelles.
STROOT, Ph., 1987. Faunistic and zoogeographical notes on Trichoptera from Belgium. Arch. Hydrobiol., 110: 195–216
WESENBER-LUND, C., 1943. Biologie der Süsswasserinsekten. Gyldendalke Boghandel, Copenhagen.
WIGGINS, G.B., R.J. MACKAY, and I.M. SMITH, 1980. Evolutionary and ecological strategies of animals in annual temporary pools. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl., 58: 97–206.
About this article
Cite this article
Van der Hoek, W.F., Cuppen, J.G.M. Life cycle and growth ofTrichostegia minor (Curtis) in temporary woodland pools (Trichoptera: Phryganeidae). Hydrobiological Bulletin 23, 161–168 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02256733
- Trichostegia minor
- woodland pools
- life cycle