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Ischemic disease of the small bowel and colon associated with oral contraceptives

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The widespread use of hormonal contraceptive pills by young women has caused a documented increase in thromboembolic disorders. This article describes yet another of the drug-induced complications namely, the development of ischemic bowel disease in seven cases. The ischemic changes which involved the small intestine in three and the colon in four patients became reversible after conservative management and discontinuance of oral contraceptive agents. The importance of clinical and radiologic consideration of ischemic bowel disease in young females receiving birth control pills is emphasized.

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Correspondence to Gary G. Ghahremani M.D..

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Ghahremani, G.G., Meyers, M.A., Farman, J. et al. Ischemic disease of the small bowel and colon associated with oral contraceptives. Gastrointest Radiol 2, 221–228 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02256499

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Key words

  • Contraceptive pills, complication
  • Colitis, ischemic
  • Intestine, blood supply
  • Small bowel, ischemia