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Response of type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis to pulse methylprednisolone and alternate-day prednisone therapy

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Abstract

Sixteen children with biopsy-confirmed type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) were treated with six alternate-day intravenous pulses of methylprednisolone followed by single-dose alternate-day prednisone for 12–66 months (mean 37 months). The average length of follow-up was 52 months (range 12–127 months). Compared with pretreatment values, the frequency of hematuria (13/16 vs. 8/16,P<0.05) and the levels of serum albumin (2.66 ± 0.69 vs. 3.76 ± 0.39 g/dl,P < 0.001), creatinine clearance (97 ± 37 vs. 129 ± 26 ml/ min/1.73 m2,P<0.001), and proteinuria (5.2 ± 5.1 vs. 1.0 ± 0.8 g/day, P<0.001) were significantly improved after 3 months of therapy. Improvement has persisted through the end of the follow-up period. Repeat kidney biopsies showed a significant reduction in acute changes but an increase in chronic changes. Thirteen patients have been off therapy from 1 to 74 months (mean 20.8 months). Nine have a normal urinalysis, creatinine clearance, and protein excretion. The remainder have normal renal function but proteinuria ranging from 3.2 to 4.3 g/day. The data support the evidence of other investigators that corticosteroid therapy is beneficial in type I MPGN and suggest that initiation with pulse methylprednisolone may promote early stabilization of the disease.

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Correspondence to Jerry M. Bergstein.

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Bergstein, J.M., Andreoli, S.P. Response of type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis to pulse methylprednisolone and alternate-day prednisone therapy. Pediatr Nephrol 9, 268–271 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02254181

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Key words

  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
  • Treatment
  • Corticosteroids
  • Nephrotic syndrome