Change of surface air temperature averaged globally during the years 1957–1972

  • R. Yamamoto
  • M. Hoshiai
  • T. Iwashima


Fluctuations of the surface air temperature averaged globally are presented for 16 years from 1957 to 1972 by objective analysis of the global network data. The results show appreciable effects of large eruptions of volcanoes on the hemispheric and/or global mean temperatures.


Climate Change Waste Water Water Management Water Pollution Network Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Änderungen des globalen Mittels der Lufttemperatur in Bodennähe während der Jahre 1957–1972


Schwankungen der Lufttemperatur in Bodennähe, global gemittelt, wurden für die 16 Jahre von 1957 bis 1972 auf Grund objektiver Analysen des globalen Beobachtungsnetzes ermittelt. Die Resultate zeigen beachtliche Effkete starker Vulkanausbrüche auf hemisphärische sowie globale Mitteltemperaturen.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Angell, J. K., and J. Korshover: Estimate of the Global Change in Tropospheric Temperature Between 1958 and 1973. Mon. Wea. Rev.,103, 1007–1012 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Budyko, M. I.: The Effect of Solar Radiation Variations on the Climate of the Earth. Tellus,21, 611–619 (1969).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cline, A. K.: Curve Fitting Using Splines Under Tension. Atmospheric Technology, NCAR. No. 3, 60–65 (1973).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cronin, J. F.: Recent Volcanism and the Stratosphere. Science.172, 847–849 (1971).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Damon, P. E., and S. M. Kunen: Global Cooling? Science.193, 447–453 (1976).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Deirmendjian, D.: On Volcanic and Other Particulate Turbidity Anomalies. Advan. Geophys.,16, 267–296 (1973).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dittberner, G. J.: Letter to the Editors, to be published in Science (1976).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grobecker, A. J.: Proc. 3rd Congr. on Climatic Impact Assessment Program, U. S. Dept. Transp., 1974.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Humphreys, W. J.: Physics of the Air, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1940.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lamb, H. H.: Volcanic Dust in the Atmosphere: With a Chronology and Assessment of Its Meteorological Significance. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London. A.266, 425–533 (1970).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mason, B. J.: Towards the Understanding and Prediction of Climatic Variations. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc.,102, 473–498 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Matthews, W. H., W. W. Kellogg, and G. D. Robinson (Eds.): Man's Impact on the Climate. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 1971.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meinel, M. P., and A. B. Meinel: Late Twilight Glow of the Ash Stratum From the Eruption of Agung Volcano. Science,142, 582–583 (1963).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Meinel, A. B., and M. P. Meinel: Height of the Glow Stratum From the Eruption of Agung on Bali. Nature,201, 657–658 (1964).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mitchell, J. M., Jr.: Recent Secular Changes of Global Temperature. Ann. New York Acad. Sci.,95, 235–250 (1961).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mitchell, J. M., Jr.: On the World-Wide Pattern of Secular Temperature Change. pp. 161–181. “Change of Climate”, Arid Zone Research-XX, Paris, UNESCO, 1963.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mitchell, J. M., Jr.: A Preliminary Evaluation of Atmospheric Problem as a Cause of Global Temperature Fluctuation of the Past Century. In: S. F. Singer (ed.). Global Effects of Environmental Pollution. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publ. Co. 1970.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Moore, J. G., K. Nakamura, and A. Alcaraz: The 1965 Eruption of Taal Volcano. Science,151, 955–960 (1966).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Reitan, C. H.: A Climatic Model of Solar Radiation and Temperature Change. Quaternary Res.,4, 24–38 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sapper, K.: Vulkankunde. Stuttgart: Engelhorn. 1927.Google Scholar
  21. 22.
    Simkin, T., and K. A. Howard: Caldera Collapse in the Galapagos Islands, 1968. Science,169, 429–436 (1970).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Starr, V. P., and A. H. Oort: Five-Year Climatic Trend for the Northern Hemisphere. Nature,242, 310–313 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Volcanological Society of Japan: Bulletin of Volcanic Eruptions: Annual Report of the World Volcanic Eruptions in 1971 With Supplements to the Previous Issues,11, 1973.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Willett, H. C.: Temperature Trends of the Past Century. In: Cent. Proc. Roy. Met. Soc., London, England, pp. 195–260, 1950.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yamamoto, R., T. Iwashima, and M. Hoshiai: Change of the Surface Air Temperature Averaged Over the Northern Hemisphere and Large Volcanic Eruptions During the Year 1951–1972. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan,53, 482–485 (1975).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Yamamoto
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Hoshiai
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Iwashima
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Geophysical InstituteKyoto University KyotoKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Aichigakuin University at Nisshin-choAichikenJapan

Personalised recommendations