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Caregiver-patient dyads: Documenting the verbal instructions caregivers provide in joint cognitive tasks

Abstract

Thirty spousal caregivers and their partners (who had been diagnosed as having primary degenerative dementia) jointly performed four cognitive tasks: Block Design (from the WAIS-R), the Token Test, and two memory tasks. Two of the tasks were unstructured, and two were structured. Caregivers served as the instructor on all tasks. Interactions were videotaped. Results showed that caregivers provided appropriate verbal instructions to a greater extent on the unstructured nonverbal task (Block Design) than on the unstructured memory task. Results are discussed in terms of implications for dyadic cognition research and intervention in dementia.

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Correspondence to Dr. John C. Cavanaugh.

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Cavanaugh, J.C., Kinney, J.M., Dunn, N.J. et al. Caregiver-patient dyads: Documenting the verbal instructions caregivers provide in joint cognitive tasks. J Adult Dev 1, 27–36 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02252980

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Key words

  • Dyadic cognition
  • participant-generated strategies
  • dementia
  • caregiving