The fully digital evaluation of photographic PIV recordings
The performance of a purely digital evaluation system for photographic PIV recordings is described. High resolution digital images are obtained from the 35 mm negatives using a commonly available slide scanner. Together with the continually improving capabilities of standard computers, this evaluation system is a cost effective alternative to the traditional analog optical/digital (Young's fringe method) and purely optical PIV interrogation systems. Compared to the optical systems the fully digital evaluation can provide a higher spatial resolution while maintaining a similar measurement uncertainty. Using actual PIV recordings absolute measurement uncertainties are obtained and further predictions toward optimal displacement data recovery are made with the aid of Monte-Carlo simulations. Measurement uncertainties are minimized for particle image diameters on the order of 2 pixels while the reduction of the image depth (i.e. bits/pixel) has little effect. The overall performance of the described digital evaluation is compared to two types of optical evaluation systems.
Key wordsparticle image velocimetry photographic recording high resolution scanner cross-correlation spatial resolution measurement uncertainty
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