Administration to anaesthetized rats of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA 30 nmol ICV) induced a profound derangement of stimulation evoked potential (f-SEP) and also autonomic excitation with an increase in arterial blood pressure and heart rate. These effects were antagonised by pretreatment with dizocilpine (0.5 mg/kg IV). Pretreatment with chlormethiazole (20 mg/kg IV 26 min before NMDA) also markedly diminished the derangement of f-SEP. At the end of the registration period 2 h after NMDA the SEP had recovered to 72.7 ± 3.4(% of control; mean ± SEM) in saline-treated rats as compared to 96.1 ± 5.6% in chlormethiazole treated animals (P < 0.01). In contrast to diazocilpine, chlormethiazole alone had no effect on heart rate or blood pressure and did not alter the autonomic effects of ICV NMDA. These results demonstrate that chlormethiazole can antagonise some NMDA-receptor mediated functions, even though there is no evidence that it is an NMDA antagonist.
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Thoren, P., Sjölander, M. Chlormethiazole attenuates the derangement of sensory evoked potential (SEP) induced by ICV administration of NMDA. Psychopharmacology 111, 256–258 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02245534
- Blood pressure
- Heart rate
- Sensory evoked potentials