, Volume 117, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

8-OH-DPAT disruption of prepulse inhibition in rats: reversal with (+)WAY 100,135 and localization of site of action

  • THomas A. Sipes
  • Mark A. Geyer
Original Investigation


Recent studies have implicated central serotonergic systems in the modulation of prepulse inhibition (PPI), an operational measure of sensorimotor gating, which has been used to identify gating deficits in psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, Huntington's disease, and obsessive compulsive disorder. Both serotonin (5-HT) releasers and agonists at 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, and 5-HT2 receptors reduce PPI in the rat. The present experiments demonstrate that the disruption of PPI in rats induced by the systemic administration of the 5-HT1A agonist, 8-OH-DPAT (8-hydroxy-2(di-n-propylamino)tetralin; 0.2 mg/kg), can be attenuated by the novel, selective 5-HT1A antagonist (+)WAY 100,135, (20.0 mg/kg),N-tert-butyl-3-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-piperazin-1-yl)-2-phenyl-propanamide. Further experiments addressing the central site of action of 8-OH-DPAT revealed that the microinjection of 8-OH-DPAT (5.0 µg/0.5 μl) into either the median raphe nucleus (MR) or dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) disrupts PPI. The reduction in PPI produced by intra-raphe microinjections of 8-OH-DPAT was prevented by a systemic injection of (+)WAY 100,135. These results support the hypothesis that somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptors within the midbrain raphe subserve the PPI-disruptive effects of systemically administered 8-OH-DPAT. The decrement in PPI after intra-raphe infusions of a high dose of 8-OH-DPAT, however, was substantially less than the decrement in PPI after systemic administration of the drug. Hence, sites in addition to the somatodendritic autoreceptors may also play an important role in 8-OH-DPAT-induced disruption of PPI. Together with previous reports that 5-HT releasers and other 5-HT agonists also disrupt PPI, the results support the hypothesis that the serotonergic system modulates PPI through multiple receptor and anatomical systems.

Key words

8-OH-DPAT 8(-hydroxy-2(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (+)WAY 100,135 5-HT1A Median raphe Dorsal raphe Prepulse inhibition Startle Serotonin 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • THomas A. Sipes
    • 1
  • Mark A. Geyer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry University of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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