, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 115–126 | Cite as

Environmental impact assessment in ghana-anex post evaluation of the volta resettlement scheme: the case of the Kpong Hydro-electric project

  • Sam Ofori-Cudjoe


Many Third World Countries (TWCs), like Ghana, have not concerned themselves seriously with environmental problems as part of the entire socio-economic development process, until recently. This, for example, can be seen in their environmental policies and the rate at which these now are being made. Not only are environmental issues being considered in the formulation and implementation of new development programmes and projects, but it is being realised that earlier implemented projects need some evaluation,ex post, for possible, correction of past mistakes or, at least, as a source of self-containment. Thus, there has been interest in the impact assessment of past macro-projects as agricultural and resettlement schemes.

An attempt is made to apply a simple matrices methodology to theex post evaluation of the Kpong Hydro-electric Project resettlement aspect, based on identified project and environment components. The results show that the impact on the socio- economic life of the settlers is positively greater than the physical and biological impacts. But considering other elements of the programme package and taking a perspective view, the settlers are after all, no better off. In view of the fact that a number of such schemes are now under consideration, it is useful for policy-makers and planners to learn from these lessons.


Environmental Impact Environmental Problem Impact Assessment Environmental Policy Environmental Issue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahmad Y.J. and Sammy, G.K. 1985.Guidelines to Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries. Hodder and Stoughton, London.Google Scholar
  2. Abrokwa-Ampadu, R. and Ampadu-Agyei, O. 1987. Environmental impact assessment and environmental management in Ghana. (Paper presented at the conference on Resource Conservation for Ghana's Sustainable Development, organised by the EPC and the Forestry Commission, Accra, Ghana, 28–30 April.Google Scholar
  3. Bartelmus, P. 1986.Environment and Development. Allen and Unwin, Boston.Google Scholar
  4. Boateng, J.K.F. 1986. An impact assessment of the Volta River resettlement programme: the case of the Kpong Hydro-electric Project. (Unpublished BA Dissertation, Department of Geography, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast).Google Scholar
  5. Conyers, D. and Hill, P. 1984.Introduction to Development Planning in Developing Countries. John Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar
  6. Friedmann, J. and Weaver, C. 1981.Territory and Function: The Evolution of Regional Planning. Edward Arnold, London.Google Scholar
  7. Izundu, K.C.E. 1987. Environmental impact assessment in Nigeria: a framework for implementation. (Unpublished PhD Thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University Strathclyde, Glasgow).Google Scholar
  8. Lichfield, al. 1975.Evaluation and the Planning Process. Pergamon Press, London.Google Scholar
  9. Osafo, S. 1983. The New Investment Code.Environmental Policy and Law,10, pp.15–16.Google Scholar
  10. Republic of Ghana. 1985.The Investment Code. Ministry of Information, Accra.Google Scholar
  11. Riddell, R. 1981.Ecodevelopment. Gower, Westmead.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sam Ofori-Cudjoe
    • 1
  1. 1.University of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations