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STABULUS: A technique for finding stable sets in large graphs with tabu search

STABULUS: Eine Technik zur Bestimmung unabhängiger Knotenmengen in großen Graphen mit der Tabu-Search-Methode


Numerical experiments with tabu search have been carried out for constructing independent sets in large graphs. We present some variations on the independent set problem and discuss the results obtained by the tabu search technique.

As for graph coloring, this method seems to be a very efficient heuristic procedure.


Numerische Experimente mit der sogenannten Tabu-Search-Methode wurden durchgeführt, um unabhängige Knotenmengen in Graphen zu finden (eine KnotenmengeS ist dann unabhängig, wenn keine Kante beide Endknoten inS hat).

Einige Variationen über dieses Problem werden betrachtet (eine gewichtete Version wird beschrieben) und wir geben Resultate an, die zeigen, daß die Tabu-Methode für die Bestimmung unabhängiger Knotenmengen so effizient wie für die Graphenfärbung ist.

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Friden, C., Hertz, A. & de Werra, D. STABULUS: A technique for finding stable sets in large graphs with tabu search. Computing 42, 35–44 (1989).

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Key words

  • Independent set
  • tabu search
  • heuristic procedure
  • timetabling