Advertisement

Environmentalist

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 253–260 | Cite as

Oxides of nitrogen in the greater Manchester conurbation, UK

  • James WS Longhurst
Papers

Summary

This paper reviews the emission sources of oxides of nitrogen and provides an estimate of the contribution from the Greater Manchester conurbation. The uncertainty attached to the estimate is large. Atmospheric and rainwater concentrations of oxides of nitrogen are reported from the Greater Manchester Acid Deposition Survey network. The health and ecological implications of these concentrations are commented upon and the measured values compared to a number of environmental guidelines, including recently formulated critical load and critical level estimates. Control technologies applicable to both mobile and large combustion sources are briefly reviewed.

Keywords

Oxide Combustion Environmental Management Nature Conservation Critical Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bowers, J.S., Broughton, G.F.J., Lampert, J.E., Dando, M.T., Sweeney, B.P., Eaton, S.W., Drury, V.J., Driver, G. and Waddon, C. 1988.The NO 2 Directive Monitoring Network: Establishment and Preliminary Results. IAPSC 4/4, Summer 1988, Birmingham.Google Scholar
  2. Buckley-Golder, D. 1984.Acidity in the Environment. ETSU Report 23, Harwell.Google Scholar
  3. Department of the Environment 1988.Digest of Environmental Protection and Water Statistics, No.11. HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  4. Derwent, R.G. 1986.The Nitrogen Budget for the UK and N.W. Europe. ETSU Report 37, Harwell.Google Scholar
  5. Eggleston, H.S. and McInnes, G. 1987.Methods for the Compilation of UK Air Pollutant Emission Inventories. Warren Spring Laboratory, Stevenage.Google Scholar
  6. Ehalt, D.H. and Drummond, J.W. 1982. The tropospheric cycle of NO2. In: Georgii, H.W. and Jeaschke, W. (eds.),Chemistry of the Unpolluted and Polluted Troposphere. Reidel, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  7. Harrison, B., Searles, R.A. and Wilkins, A.J.J. 1989. Car exhaust pollution control: lean burn engines and the continuing requirement for platinum-containing autocatalysts. In: Longhurst, J.W.S. (ed.),Acid Deposition: Sources, Effects and Control. British Library Science Reference and Information Service and Technical Communications Ltd., London and Letchworth.Google Scholar
  8. Lee, D.S. and Longhurst, J.W.S. 1989. Urban Acidic Deposition — a case study of Greater Manchester. In: Longhurst, J.W.S. (ed.),Acid Deposition: Sources, Effects and Control. British Library Science Reference and Information Service and Technical Communications Ltd., London and Letchworth.Google Scholar
  9. Longhurst, J.W.S. 1989. Autocatalysts and motor vehicle emission control,Clean Air,19(1), 14–22.Google Scholar
  10. Martin, A. 1988. Acid rain and air pollution over the United Kingdom: a brief review. CEGB Report OED/STM/88/00013/N, Ratcliffe-on-Soar.Google Scholar
  11. Raper, D.W. (forthcoming) PhD Submission, Manchester Polytechnic.Google Scholar
  12. Reiling, W. 1989. Technologies for controlling acid deposition precursor emissions from large power plants. In: Longhurst, J.W.S. (ed.),Acid Deposition: Sources, Effects and Control. British Library Science Reference and Information Service and Technical Communications Ltd., London and Letchworth.Google Scholar
  13. RGAR. 1987. United Kingdom Review Group on Acid Rain.Acid Deposition in the United Kingdom 1981 – 1985. Warren Spring Laboratory, Stevenage.Google Scholar
  14. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. 1988a. Conclusions and draft recommendations on the workshops on critical levels for forests, crops, and materials and on critical loads for sulphur and nitrogen, UNECE Report EB.AIR/R.30, Geneva.Google Scholar
  15. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. 1988b. EC critical levels workshop, Bad Harzburg, FRG, 14–18 March 1988, UNECE, Geneva.Google Scholar
  16. Waller, R.E. 1988. Effects on health of ozone, oxides of nitrogen and some other pollutants considered in the WHO Air Quality Guidelines Project 1984–87. IAPSC 4/3, Summer 1988, Birmingham.Google Scholar
  17. Walton, D. 1987. Cleaner electricity generation from fossil fuels — the present. I.E.E. Symposium Energy Options, 9th April 1987.Google Scholar
  18. World Health Organisation. 1987.Air quality guidelines for Europe. European Series No.23, WHO, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  19. Woodin, S., Studholme, C.U. and Lee, J.A. 1987. Effects of acid deposition on peatlands. In: Perry, R., Harrison, R.M., Bell, J.N.B. and Lester, J.N. (eds.),Acid Rain: Scientific and Technical Advances. Selper, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • James WS Longhurst
    • 1
  1. 1.Manchester PolytechnicManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations