Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 327–336 | Cite as

Comorbidity of attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Steven P. Cuffe
  • Elizabeth L. McCullough
  • Andres J. Pumariega
Regular Papers

Abstract

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) show a high degree of comorbidity in traumatized children. Two hypotheses may help explain this relationship: children with ADHD are at higher risk for trauma due to their impulsivity, dangerous behaviors, and parents who may have a genetic predisposition for impairment of their own impulse control; and hyperarousal induced by severe trauma and manifested by hypervigilance and poor concentration may impair attention to create an ADHD-like syndrome. Four illustrative cases are presented, and implications for treatment are discussed.

Key Words

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder comorbidity hyperarousal treatment 

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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven P. Cuffe
    • 1
  • Elizabeth L. McCullough
    • 1
  • Andres J. Pumariega
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Medicine, and William S. Hall Psychiatric InstituteUniversity of South CarolinaColumbia

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