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Complication of botulinum toxin injections for anal fissure

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References

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    Gui D, Cassetta E, Anastasio G, Bentivoglio AR, Maria G, Albanese A. Botulinum toxin for chronic anal fissure. Lancet 1994;344:1127–28.

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    Mason PF, Watkins MJ, Hall HS, Hall AW. The management of chronic fissure in ano with botulinum toxin. J R Coll Surg Edinb 1996;41:235–38.

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    Jost WH. One hundred cases of anal fissure treated with botulin toxin: early and long-term results. Dis Colon Rectum 1997;40:1029–32.

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    Maria G, Cassetta E, Gui D, Brisinda G, Bentivoglio AR, Albanese A. A comparison of botulinum toxin and saline for the treatment of chronic anal fissure. N Engl J Med 1998;338:217–20.

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    Brisinda G, Maria G, Bentivoglio AR, Cassetta E, Gui D, Albanese A. A Comparison of injections of botulinum toxin and topical nitroglycerin ointment for the treatment of chromic anal fissure. N Engl J Med 1999;341:65–9.

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    Jost WH, Schanne S, Mlitz H, Schimrigk K. Perianal thrombosis following injection therapy into the external anal sphincter using botulin toxin [letter]. Dis Colon Rectum 1995;38:781.

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Tilney, H.S., Heriot, A.G. & Cripps, N.P.J. Complication of botulinum toxin injections for anal fissure. Dis Colon Rectum 44, 1721 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02234399

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Colorectal Surgery
  • Botulinum Toxin
  • Anal Fissure
  • Botulinum Toxin Injection