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Portal vein thrombosis successfully treated with a colectomy in active ulcerative colitis

Report of a case

Abstract

Portal vein thrombosis is a rare complication in ulcerative colitis. We present a patient with portal vein thrombosis in ulcerative colitis who was successfully treated with colectomy. A 38-year-old Japanese female was admitted to our hospital because of an exacerbation of colitis. Abdominal ultrasonography performed because of liver dysfunction showed the thrombus in an umbilical portion of the portal vein. The patient underwent a subtotal colectomy and ileostomy because her colitis did not respond to intensive intravenous therapy. Although portal vein thrombus was treated with an intravenous infusion of urokinase before the operation, no change in the thrombus size was found. Approximately three months after the colectomy, the thrombus of the portal vein disappeared without anticoagulant therapy. Although a resection of an inflamed colon may be theoretically effective in the thrombosis in the inflammatory bowel disease, its benefit has not been confirmed. Our case suggests that the resection of the diseased bowel may have a favorable effect on the course of portal vein thrombosis in acute attacks of ulcerative colitis.

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Author information

Correspondence to Dr. Mitsuru Seo M.D..

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Hagimoto, T., Seo, M., Okada, M. et al. Portal vein thrombosis successfully treated with a colectomy in active ulcerative colitis. Dis Colon Rectum 44, 587–590 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02234334

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Key words

  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Portal vein thrombus
  • Colectomy