Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Effects of waterlogging and drought on winter wheat and winter barley grown on a clay and sandy loam soil

II. Soil and plant water relationships

  • 145 Accesses

  • 7 Citations

Summary

The effects were investigated of waterlogging and drought on winter wheat and winter barley growing in a clay soil, and winter wheat growing in a sandy loam. The crops were grown in lysimeters that were waterlogged or freely-drained between December and March, and then irrigated or subjected to drought from April to harvest.

On the clay soil drought restricted water use and dry matter production by wheat and by barley. The effect on water use was proportionately greater than on dry matter production. On the sandy loam drought decreased water use by wheat, but had only a small, non-significant, effect on dry matter production. Measurements made with a neutron probe in lysimeters that had been subjected to drought showed that the maximum amount of water that winter wheat could extract from the clay soil was 150 mm, and from the sandy loam was 170 mm. Winter barley could extract 114 mm from the clay soil. On both soils transpiration by wheat and barley was restricted when about three quarters of the available soil water had been extracted. Drought decreased leaf water potential and stomatal conductance.

Waterlogging in the winter decreased dry matter production and water use in the summer, but not by causing plant water stress in the summer. Plants that had been waterlogged had higher leaf water potentials and stomatal conductances in the summer, and dry matter production was decreased more than water use.

There was no evidence that waterlogging in the winter made the drop more vulnerable to drought in the summer.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1

    Bell J P 1976 Neutron probe practice (2nd Edition). Rep 19 Inst. of Hydrol. Wallingford, England.

  2. 2

    Bell J P 1981 User's handbook for the Institute of Hydrology neutron probe system. Rep. 79 Inst. Hydrol., Wallingford, England.

  3. 3

    Cannell R Q, Belford R K, Gales K and Dennis C 1980 A lysimeter system used to study the effect of transient waterlogging on crop growth and yield. J. Sci. Food Agric. 31, 105–116.

  4. 4

    Cannell R Q, Belford R K, Gales K, Thomson R J and Webster C P 1984 Effects of waterlogging and drought on winter wheat and winter barley grown on a clay and a sandy loam soil: I Crop growth and yield. Plant and Soil 80, 53–66.

  5. 5

    Day W 1977 A direct reading continuous flow porometer. Agric. Meteorol. 18, 81–89.

  6. 6

    Day W, Legg B J, French B K, Johnston A E, Lawlor D W and Jeffer W De C 1978 A drought experiment using mobile shelters: the effects of drought on barley yield, water use and nutrient uptake. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 91, 599–623.

  7. 7

    Denmead O T and Shaw R H 1962. Availability of soil water to plants as affected by soil moisture content and meteorological conditions. Agron. J. 54, 385–390.

  8. 8

    Fischer R A and Turner N C 1978 Plant productivity in the arid and semiarid zones. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 29, 277–317.

  9. 9

    Francis P E and Pidgeon J D 1982 A model for estimating soil moisture deficits under cereal crops in Britain. 1. Development. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 98, 651–661.

  10. 10

    Francis P E and Pidgeon J D 1982 A model for estimating soil moisture deficits under cereal crops in Britain. 2. Performance. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 98, 663–678.

  11. 11

    French B K and Legg B J 1979 Rothamsted irrigation 1964–76. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 92, 15–37.

  12. 12

    Gales K and Wilson N J 1981 Effects of water shortage on the yield of winter wheat. Ann. Appl. Biol. 99, 323–334.

  13. 13

    Hall D G M, Reeve M J, Thomasson A J and Wright V F 1977. Water retention, porosity and density of field soils. Soil Survey Tech. Mono. No. 9, Harpenden, England.

  14. 14

    Harris G L, Goss M J, Dowdell R J, Howse K R and Morgan P 1984 A study of moledrainage with simplified cultivation for autumn sown crops on a clay soil 2. Soil water regimes, water balances and nutrient loss in drain water, 1978–80. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. (In press).

  15. 15

    Innes P and Blackwell R D 1981 The effect of drought on the water use and yield of two spring wheat genotypes. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 96, 603–610.

  16. 16

    McGowan M and Williams J B 1980 The water balance of an agricultural catchment. I. Estimation of evaporation from soil water records. J. Soil Sci. 31, 217–230.

  17. 17

    Meyer W S and Green G C 1980. Water use by wheat and plant indicators of available soil water. Agron. J. 72, 253–257.

  18. 18

    Meyer W S and Green G C 1981 Plant indicators of wheat and soybean crop water stress. Irrig. Sci. 2, 167–176.

  19. 19

    Parkinson K J and Legg B J 1972 A continuous flow porometer. J. Appl. Ecol. 9, 669–675.

  20. 20

    Penman H L 1971 Irrigation at Woburn — VII. Rothamsted Exp. Sta. Annu. Rep. 1970. Part 2, 147–170.

  21. 21

    Ritchie J T 1981 Water dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere system. Plant and Soil 58, 81–96.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gales, K., Ayling, S.M. & Cannell, R.Q. Effects of waterlogging and drought on winter wheat and winter barley grown on a clay and sandy loam soil. Plant Soil 80, 67–78 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02232940

Download citation

Key words

  • Clay
  • Drought
  • Leaf water potential
  • Sandy loam
  • Stomatal conductance
  • Waterlogging
  • Water extraction
  • Winter barley
  • Winter wheat