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Identification of indole compounds secreted byFrankia HFPArI3 in defined culture medium

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Indole compounds secreted byFrankia sp. HFPArI3 in defined culture medium were identified with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). WhenFrankia was grown in the presence of13C(ring-labelled)-L-tryptophan,13C-labelled indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), indole-3-ethanol (IEtOH), indole-3-lactic acid (ILA), and indole-3-methanol (IMeOH) were identified.

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and GC-MS with selected ion monitoring were used to quantify levels of IAA and IEtOH inFrankia culture medium. IEtOH was present in greater abundance than IAA in every experiment. When no exogenous trp was supplied, no or only low levels of indole compounds were detected.

Seedling roots ofAlnus rubra incubated in axenic conditions in the presence of indole-3-ethanol formed more lateral roots than untreated plants, indicating that IEtOH is utilized by the host plant, with physiological effects that modify patterns of root primordium initiation.

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Berry, A.M., Kahn, R.K.S. & Booth, M.C. Identification of indole compounds secreted byFrankia HFPArI3 in defined culture medium. Plant Soil 118, 205–209 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02232808

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Key words

  • actinorhizal
  • Alnus rubra
  • auxin
  • Frankia
  • IAA
  • indole-3-acetic acid
  • indole-3-ethanol
  • nodule secretion
  • phytohormone