Optimum growth conditions and inoculation regimes were determined for severalFrankia strains isolated from both Alnus and Casuarina host plants. Growth conditions were estabilished that allowed a reduction in generation time to less than 15 hours for certain Alnus derivedFrankia. Differences in plant growth response were observed with differing inoculum levels and soil mixtures. Elite strains of Alnus derivedFrankia were isolated that elicited similar growth reponses in allAlnus species tested; however, differences were observed betweenFrankia strains and plant growth response of variousCasuarina species tested.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Benson D R, Mazzucco C E and Browning T J 1985 Physiological aspects ofFrankia. In Nitrogen Fixation and CO2 Metabolism. Eds. P W Ludden and J E Burris. pp 175–182. Elsevier Science Publishing,
Bradford M M 1976 A rapid and sensitive method for the quantification of microgram quantities of protein using the principle of protein dye binding. Anal. Biochem. 72, 248–254.
Burggraaf A J P and Shipton W A 1982 Estimates ofFrankia growth under various pH and temperature regimes. Plant and Soil 69, 135–147.
Davey C B and Wollum A G II 1984 Nitrogen fixation systems in forest plantations.In Nutrition of Plantation Forests. Eds. G D Bowen and E K S Nambiar. pp 361–377. Academic Press, London.
Eckholm E 1980 Firewood Crops. pp 1–9. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.
Hoagland D R and Arnon D I 1950 The Water Culture Method for Growing Plants Without Soil. Calif. Agr. Exp. Stat. Circ. 347, Berkeley, CA.
Lalonde M, Calvert H E and Pine S 1982 Isolation and use ofFrankia strains in actinorhizal formation.In Current Perspectives in Nitrogen Fixation. Eds. A H Gibson and W E Newton, pp 296–299. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra.
Murry M A, Fontaine M S and Torrey J G 1984 Growth kinetics and nitrogenase induction inFrankia sp. HFP ArI3 grown in batch culture. Plant and Soil 78, 61–79.
Myers N 1980 Conversion of Tropical Moist Forests. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.
Rosbrook P A and Bowen G D 1987 The abilities of threeFrankia isolates to nodulate and fix nitrogen with four species ofCasuarina. Physiol. Plant. 70, 373–377.
Stowers M D 1987 Collection, isolation, cultivation and maintenance ofFrankia.In Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation Technology. Ed. G H Elkan. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.
Stowers M D, Kulkarni R K and Steele D B 1986 Intermediary carbon metabolism inFrankia. Arch. Microbiol. 143, 319–324.
Stowers M D and Smith J E 1985 Inoculation and production container-grown red alder seedlings. Plant and Soil 87, 153–160.
About this article
Cite this article
Bernie Steele, D., Ramirez, K. & Stowers, M.D. Host plant growth response to inoculation withFrankia . Plant Soil 118, 139–143 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02232799