Intellectual ability and aggressive behavior in nonclinical-nonforensic males
The purpose of this study was to test the relationship between IQ and physical aggression in a nonclinical-nonforensic male sample in a laboratory setting. Thirty males completed an abbreviated version of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale—Revised. Aggression was measured using a modified version of the Taylor reaction-time (RT) aggression paradigm in which subjects competed on a RT task and both received and delivered shocks to a fictitious opponent in provoking and nonprovoking conditions. Provocation conditions (High and Low) were defined by the intensity of shocks the subjects received. Results demonstrated strong inverse correlations between IQ and aggressive behavior under both High and Low Provocation conditions.
Key wordsIQ aggression provocation Taylor paradigm
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bernstein, S., Richardson, D., & Hammock, G. (1987). Convergent and discriminant validity of the Taylor and Buss measures of physical aggression.Aggressive Behavior, 13, 15–24.Google Scholar
- Brooker, B. H., & Cyr, J. J. (1986). Tables for clinicians to use to convert WAIS-R short forms.Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 982–986.Google Scholar
- Buikhuisen, W. (1987). Cerebral dysfunctions and persistent juvenile delinquency. In S. A. Mednick, T. E. Moffitt, & S. A. Stack (Eds.),The causes of crime: New biological approaches (pp. 168–184). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Giancola, P., & Zeichner, A. (1994). Construct validity of a competitive reaction-time aggression paradigm.Aggressive Behavior (in press).Google Scholar
- Stark, R. (1975).Social problems. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
- Wolfe, B. M., & Baron, R. A. (1971). Laboratory aggression related to aggression in naturalistic social situations.Psychonomic Science, 24, 193–194.Google Scholar