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Historiography of liberal romanticism: Andrés Bello and the decolonization of historical studies

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References

  1. 1

    InObras Completas (Caracas: La Casa de Bello Foundation), Vol. XXIII “Temas de Historia y Geografia”, 1981, pp. 3–21. Italics B. G.

  2. 2

    InObras Completas,ibid., (Caracas: La Casa de Bello Foundation), Vol. XXIII “Temas de Historia y Geografia”, 1981, p. 256.

  3. 3

    Cf. Michel FoucaultLas Palabras y las Cosas (Mexico, Siglo) XXI Editores, 1979.

  4. 4

    Quoted by Guillermo Feliu Cruz, “Andrés Bello y la historiografia chilena” inMapocho, 3, 1965, p. 252. Still respecting the distances and differences and without trying to force the argumentation, it may be worthy while to establish a parallelism with the criticisms uttered by Karl Marx about the Germanphilosophy in 1845. Marx drew a distinction betweenideology (=philosophy) as a way of nonscientific knowledge that proceeds from ideas to determine a material state of society, “that descends from heaven to earth,” and thepositive and real knowledge that does not proceed from what men imagine, conceive, or think but from the material conditions of men. Unlike Bello, Marx negatively evaluated the knowledge based upon ideas and abstractions. In Marx, ideology and positive knowledge form the key concepts. In Bello, philosophical history orad probandum method and narrative history orad narrandum method opposed each other since they are two general means of knowledge. One of Bello's principles leads to a false knowledge; the other one recovers a method for the social disciplines that allows their development assciences.

  5. 5

    Cit. by G. Feliu Cruz,ibid.“, p. 245.

  6. 6

    Ibid., pp. 253–254.

  7. 7

    InObras Completas, op. cit., (Caracas: La Casa de Bello Foundation), Vol. XXIII “Temas de Historia y Geografia”, 1981, p. 241.

  8. 8

    Cited by G. Feliu Cruzart. cit.,“Andrés Bello y la historiografia chilen” inMapocho,3, 1965, p. 253.

  9. 9

    InObras Completas, op. cit., (Caracas: La Casa de Bello Foundation), Vol. XXIII “Temas de Historia y Geografia”, 1981, p. 249.

  10. 10

    Ibid. InObras Completas, op. cit., (Caracas: La Casa de Bello Foundation), Vol. XXIII “Temas de Historia y Geografia”, 1981, italics B. G.

  11. 11

    Ibid. InObras Completas, op. cit., (Caracas: La Casa de Bello Foundation), Vol. XXIII “Temas de Historia y Geografia”, 1981, p. 240.

  12. 12

    art. cit. Cited by G. Feliu Cruzart. cit.,“Andrés Bello y la historiografia chilen” inMapocho,3, 1965, p. 249.

  13. 13

    art. cit. Cited by G. Feliu Cruzart. cit.,“Andrés Bello y la historiografia chilen” inMapocho,3, 1965, p. 240.

  14. 14

    Cit. by Bernardo Subercaseaux inCultura y sociedad liberal en el siglo XIX. Lastarria, ideologia y literatura (Santiago: Edit. Aconcagua, 1979), p. 75.

  15. 15

    Art. cit., p. 245.

  16. 16

    Ibid., p. 246.

  17. 17

    Ibid., p. 249.

  18. 18

    Ibid., p. 251. Ten years before, Esteban Echeverria in his introductory speech to a series of lectures in the “Salón Literario” in September 1837, pointed out that much had been studied in Argentina, but nothing accounted for the national realities. “I begin from the Argentinian reasoning and I do not find it [...] Any knowledge and Enlightenment we have does not belong to us.” He also struggled for the studies of national histories to begin with the empirical knowledge of the works and authors: “Our successive works must be linked to the exact knowledge of science in the 19th century. They must be the preparation, the base, the instrument, in short, of a really great, fertile and original national culture.” “We are in a reflexive and rational epoch,” he finishes. (InObras Completas, Buenos Aires, Edics. A. Zamora, 1951, pp. 48–109).

  19. 19

    In this connection, we want to specially acknowledge the excellent work by Adalbert Dessau, “Ideas, Guidelines and Historical Meaning of the Philosophical Thought of Andrés Bello” inRevista de critica literaria latinoamericana, Nr. 16 (1982), pp. 41–66.

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Translated by Néstor López M.

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González Stephan, B. Historiography of liberal romanticism: Andrés Bello and the decolonization of historical studies. Neohelicon 18, 353–367 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02228676

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Keywords

  • Historical Study
  • Literary History
  • National History
  • Deductive Method
  • Independent Thought