Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 8, pp 1217–1227 | Cite as

Volatiles emitted by different cotton varieties damaged by feeding beet armyworm larvae

  • John H. Loughrin
  • Ara Manukian
  • Robert R. Heath
  • James H. Tumlinson
Article

Abstract

Volatile compounds elicited by insect herbivore feeding damage in five cotton cultivars and one naturalized cotton variety were examined by allowing beet armyworm larvae to feed overnight on leaves and collecting volatiles from the plants in situ. Of 23 compounds identified from larval damaged leaves, terpenes and lipoxygenase-hydroperoxide lyase-derived volatiles predominated. No pronounced differences in the levels of volatile emission were noted from leaves of undamaged plants of the different varieties. However, average volatile emission from damaged leaves of the naturalized variety was almost sevenfold higher than from damaged leaves of the commercial cultivars. This was despite the fact that larvae preferred feeding on the leaves of commercial cultivars over those of the naturalized variety in choice tests.

Key Words

Beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua cotton Gossypium hirsutum volatile compound terpene plant-insect interaction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Chang, J.F., Benedict, J.H., Payne, T.L., andCamp, B.J. 1988. Volatile monoterpenes collected from the air surrounding flower buds of seven cotton genotypes.Crop Sci. 28:685–688.Google Scholar
  2. Dicke, M., Sabelis, M.W., Takabayashi, J., Bruin, J., andPosthumus, M.A. 1990. Isolation of volatile kairomone that affects acarine predator-prey interactions. Involvement of the plant in its production.J. Chem. Ecol. 16:381–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dickens, J.L. 1990. Orientation to host plant and conspecifics by the boll weevil,Anthonomus grandis Boh. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Electrophysiological and behavioral correlations.Symp. Biol. Hung. 39:103–110.Google Scholar
  4. Elzen, G.W., Williams, H.J., and Vinson, S.B. 1984. Isolation and identification of cotton synomones mediating searching by parasitoidCampoletis sonorensis.J. Chem. Ecol. 10:1251–1264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Elzen, G.W., Williams, H.J., Bell, A.A., Stipanovic, R.D., andVinson, S.B. 1985. Quantification of volatile terpenes of glanded and glandlessGossypium hirsutum L. cultivars and lines by gas chromatography.J. Agric. Food. Chem. 33:1079–1082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Farmer, E.E., andRyan, C.A. 1990. Interplant communication: Airborne methyl jasmonate induces synthesis of proteinase inhibitors in plant leaves.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 87:7713–7716.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Gäbler, A., Boland, W., Preiss, U., andSimon, H. 1991. Stereochemical studies on homoterpene biosynthesis in higher plants; mechanistic, phylogenetic and ecological aspects.Helv. Chim. Acta 74:1773–1789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gueldner, R.C., Thompson, A.C., Hardee, D.D., andHedin, P.A. 1970. Constituents of the cotton bud. XIX. Attractancy to the boll weevil of the terpenoids and related plant constituents.J. Econ. Entomol. 63:1819–1920.Google Scholar
  9. Harborne, J.B. 1988. Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry, 3rd ed. Academic Press, New York. pp. 147–185.Google Scholar
  10. Hastanaka, A., Kajiwara, T., andSekiya, J. 1987. Biosynthetic pathway for C6 aldehyde formation from linolenic acid in green leaves.Chem. Phys. Lipids 44:341–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Heath, R.R., andManukian, A. 1992. Development and evaluation of systems to collect volatile semiochemicals from insects and plants using a charcoal-infused medium for air purification.J. Chem. Ecol. 18:1209–1226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Heath, R.R., Landolt, P.J., Dueben, B., andLenczewski, B. 1992. Identification of floral compounds of night blooming jessamine attractive to cabbage looper moths.Environ. Entomol. 21:854–859.Google Scholar
  13. King, E.G., andLeppla, N.C. 1984. Advances and challenges in insect rearing. Agricultural Research Service, USDA, US Government Printing Service, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  14. Knudsen, J.T., Tollsten, L., andBergström, G. 1993. Floral scents—a checklist of volatile compounds isolated by head-space techniques.Phytochemistry 33:253–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Loughrin, J.H., Manukian, A., Heath, R.R., Turlings, T.C.J., andTumlinson, J.H. 1994. Diurnal cycle of emission of induced volatile terpenoids by herbivore-injured cotton plants.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91:11836–11840.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. McCall, P.J., Turlings, T.C.J., Lewis, W.J., andTumlinson, J.H. 1993. Role of plant volatiles in host location by the specialist parasitoidMicroplitis croceipes (Cresson) (Braconidae: Hymenoptera).J. Insect Behav. 6:625–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McCall, P.J., Turlings, T.C.J., Loughrin, J.H., Proveaux, A.T., andTumlinson, J.H. 1994. Herbivore-induced volatile emissions from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings.J. Chem. Ecol. 20:3039–3050.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Surburg, H., Guentert, M., andHarder, H. 1993. Volatile compounds from flowers. Analytical and olfactory aspects, pp. 168–186,in R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery, and H. Sugisawa (eds.). Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. American Chemical Society, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  19. Thompson, A.C., Baker, D.N., Gueldner, R.C., andHedin, P.A. 1971. Identification and quantitative analysis of the volatile substances emitted by maturing cotton in the field.Plant Physiol. 48:50–52.Google Scholar
  20. Tumlinson, J.H., Turlings, T.C.J., andLewis, W.J. 1992. The semiochemical complexes that mediate insect parasitoid foraging.Agric. Zool. Rev. 5:221–252.Google Scholar
  21. Turlings, T.C.J., Tumlinson, J.H., andLewis, W.J. 1990. Exploitation of herbivore-induced odors by host-seeking parasitic wasps.Science 250:1251–1253.Google Scholar
  22. Vick, B.A., andZimmerman, D.C. 1987. Pathways of fatty acid hydroperoxide metabolism in spinach leaf chloroplasts.Plant Physiol. 85:1073–1078.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Loughrin
    • 1
  • Ara Manukian
    • 1
  • Robert R. Heath
    • 1
  • James H. Tumlinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Insect Attractants, Behavior and Basic Biology Research LaboratoryAgricultural Research Service, United States Department of AgricultureGainesville

Personalised recommendations