Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 415–425

A comparison of the protein quality of pollens for growth-stimulation of the hypopharyngeal glands and longevity of honey bees,Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

  • L. N. Standifer
Article

Summary

Newly-emerged worker honey bees confined in small cages were fed 33 isonitrogenous diets containing 25 species of pollen. The growth-stimulation of the hypopharyngeal glands was determined by morphological examination after 7 days of feeding. Twenty-two species of pollen were evaluated and compared when they were fed as 10% concentrations of protein, three as 7.5%, six as 5%, two as 2.5%, and one each as 1.25 and 0.625% concentrations.

A 0.625% concentration of protein from pollen ofTaraxacum officinale was just as effective in the diet as a 2.5% concentration of protein from pollen ofBaccharis viminea or a 5.0% concentration of protein from pollen ofSorghum. A concentration of 1.25% protein from pollen ofT. officinale in the diet stimulated as much gland growth as either a 7.5% concentration from pollen ofSorghum andB. viminea or a 5.0% concentration of pollen fromZea mays var.saccharata. At a 5.0% concentration of protein, pollen fromRobinia pseudoacacia andPolygonum promoted significantly better development thanRanunculus arvensis andT. officinale fed at the same level. At a 10.0% concentration, pollens fromTrifolium pratense, T. officinale, Prunus serotina, Malus pumila, andPopulus fremonti were significantly better than pollen fromAgoseris, Populus nigra var. italica, orMedicago sativa.

Longevity data were obtained for nine species of pollen, six at a concentration of 10% protein, three at 7.5%, four at 5%, and two at 2.5%.

Résumé

Des ouvrières d'abeilles venant de naître et placées dans des cagettes ont reçu 33 alimentations différentes ayant même teneur en azote et renfermant 25 espèces de pollen. Au bout de 7 jours, la rapidité de croissance des glandes hypopharyngiennes a été étudiée par un examen morphologique. On a comparé la valeur de 22 espèces de pollen administrées aux concentrations en protéine suivantes: 10%, 7,5% pour 3 espèces, 5% pour 6 espèces, 2,5% pour 2 espèces, 1,25 et 0,625% pour 1 espèce chacune.

Le pollen deTaraxacum officinale, à une concentration en protéine égale à 0,625%, s'est montré aussi efficace que celui deBaccharis viminea à 2,5% ou celui deSorghum à 5,0%. Le pollen deT. officinale, à une concentration en protéine de 1,25%, a eu le même effet stimulant sur la croissance des glandes que celui deSorghum ouB. viminea à 7,5% ou deZea mays var.saccharata à 5,0%. A une concentration en protéine de 5,0%, les pollens deRobinia pseudoacacia et Polygonum ont donné un meilleur résultat queRanunculus arvensis etT. officinale administrés sous la même forme. A la concentration de 10,0%, les pollens deTrifolium pratense, T. officinale, Prunus serotina, Malus pumila etPopulus fremonti étaient nettement plus efficaces que ceux deAgoseris, Populus nigra var.italica ouMedicago sativa. Des données sur la longévité ont été obtenues pour 9 espèces de pollen, 6 à la concentration en protéine de 10%, 3 à 7%, 4 à 5% et 2 à 2,5%.

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Copyright information

© Masson & Cie 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. N. Standifer
    • 1
  1. 1.Entomology Research Division, Agricultural Research ServiceUnited States Department of AgricultureTucsonU.S.A.

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