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Doyle: The creative process

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      In addition to these theories, the course also includes the works of Rudolf Arnheim, Solomon Asch, and Max Wertheimer,and the works of Lawrence Kubie, Ernst Kris, Ernest Schachtel, Frank Barron, and Anne Roe.

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      Arnheim has looked closely at the visual medium and the ways in which artists think in it. See his Visual Thinking (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969) and his Art and Visual Perception (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1954).

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      I am indebted to Solomon Asch's analysis of emotion put forth in his Social Psychology (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1952).

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      Arnheim chronicles the progress of Picasso's thinking in the medium through time as he worked on the mural Guernica.See Arnheim, R,Picasso's Guernica: The Genesis of a Painting. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962).

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      This line of thinking associates incubation with the tension of incompleted tasks studied by Bluma Zeigarnik and Kurt Lewin.

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      This account of total centration was stimulated and influenced by Max Wertheimer's account of centering on a problem in order to do “productive thinking.” See his Productive Thinking (New York: Harper & Row, 1959) especially pages 179–180.

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    Doyle: The creative process. Urban Rev 7, 293–302 (1974).

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    • Creative Process