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Journal of World Prehistory

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 377–453 | Cite as

The prehistory of Cyprus: Problems and prospects

  • A. Bernard Knapp
  • Steve O. Held
  • Sturt W. Manning
Article

Abstract

The archaeological record of prehistoric Cyprus is rich, diverse, well-published, and frequently enigmatic. Regarded by many as a “bridge” between western Asia and the Aegean, Cyprus and its past are frequently seen from scholarly perspectives prevalent in one of those two cultural areas. Its material culture, however, differs radically from that of either area. Apart from the early colonization episodes on the island (perhaps three during the pre-Neolithic and Neolithic), evidence of foreign contact remains limited until the Bronze Age (post-2500 B. C.). This study seeks to present the prehistory of Cyprus from an indigenous perspective, and to examine a series of archaeological problems that foreground Cyprus within its eastern Mediterranean context. The study begins with an overview of time, place, and the nature of fieldwork on the island, continues with a presentation and discussion of several significant issues in Cypriot prehistory (e.g., insularity, colonization, subsistence, regionalism, interaction, social complexity, economic diversity), and concludes with a brief discussion of prospects for the archaeology of Cyprus up to and “beyond 2000”.

Key words

Cyprus Eastern Mediterranean island colonization insularity regionalism complex society metallurgical production/exchange social theory politics and archaeology 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Bernard Knapp
    • 1
  • Steve O. Held
    • 2
  • Sturt W. Manning
    • 3
  1. 1.School of History, Philosophy and PoliticsMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.BreiteSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of ClassicsUniversity of ReadingWhiteknightsEngland

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