Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Radionuclide contents in environmental samples as related to the Chernobyl accident

Abstract

Many kinds of environmental samples including total diet samples, were collected in the Chernobyl (Ukraine) vicinity and in Ibaraki prefecture (Japan). Six radionuclides and twelve stable elements were analyzed. After samples were dry-ashed, radioactivities of137Cs,134Cs,40K,60Co and54Mn were determined by γ-ray spectroscopy with a germanium detector. Strontium-90 was determined by low-background β-spectrometry. Stable elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Comparison of the levels of radionuclides between the Ukraine and Ibaraki showed the former were several times to a few tens of thousands of times higher than the latter, depending on the samples.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Environmental and Health Consequences in Japan due to the Accident at Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor plant: NIRS-M-69, Chiba, 1988.

  2. 2.

    Internal Atomic Energy Agency, Medical Aspects of the Chernobyl Accident: IAEA TECDOC-516, Vienna, 1989.

  3. 3.

    Internal Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA Bulletin, 33, No. 2, 1991.

  4. 4.

    International Commission on Radiological Protection, Limits for Intakes of Radionuclides by Workers: ICRP Publication 30. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1987.

  5. 5.

    Y. MURAMATSU, S. YOSHIDA, S. SUMIYA, Sci. Total. Environment, 105 (1991) 29.

  6. 6.

    Report of the Joint WHO/FAO Expert Committee: Method of Radiochemical Analysis, WHO Tech. Rep. Ser., No. 173, Geneva, 1959.

  7. 7.

    K. SHIRAISHI, H. KAWAMURA, G. TANAKA, Anal. Sci., 1 (1985) 321.

  8. 8.

    K. SHIRAISHI, G. TANAKA, H. KAWAMURA, Talanta, 33 (1986) 861.

  9. 9.

    I. NAKAMURA, Proc. 32nd Meeting on Environmental Radioactivity Survey and Research, Tokyo, 1990, p. 1 (supplement) (in Japanese).

  10. 10.

    National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Radioactivity Survey Data in Japan: NIRS-RSD-73,94, Chiba, Japan. 1985–1991.

  11. 11.

    United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation, New York, 1977, p. 121.

  12. 12.

    International Commission on Radiological Protection, Task Group of Committee 2. Report of the Task Group on Reference Man: ICRP Publication 23. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1975.

  13. 13.

    K. TERAI, S. ESUMI, T. HAMADA, Rep. Shimane Pref. Inst. Publ. Health Environ. Sci., 30 (1988) 40 (in Japanese).

  14. 14.

    United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, Sources, Effects, and Risks of Ionizing Radiation, New York, 1988, p. 24.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shiraishi, K., Muramatsu, Y., Nakajima, T. et al. Radionuclide contents in environmental samples as related to the Chernobyl accident. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Articles 171, 319–328 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02219856

Download citation

Keywords

  • Japan
  • Radionuclide
  • Germanium
  • Environmental Sample
  • Inductively Couple Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry