Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 523–535

Family characteristics of autistic children: A further report

  • Sukhdev Narayan
  • Barbara Moyes
  • Sula Wolff
Article

Abstract

The personality features of parents of a group of 21 well-functioning autistic children have been described previously. The main characteristics of these parents were social gaucheness and a tendency towards the single-minded pursuit of special, often intellectual, interests. We now present the agreement between research interviewers and clinician in the diagnosis of these parents as schizoid, together with clinical details of those parents rated by both as having definite schizoid traits. The educational functioning of the siblings of the autistic children compared with that of siblings of a matched control group is also reported.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. August, G. J., Stewart, M. A., and Tsai, L. (1981). The incidence of cognitive disabilities in the siblings of autistic children.British Journal of Psychiatry, 138, 416–422.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Baird, T. D., & August, G. J. (1985). Familial heterogeneity in infantile autism.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 15, 315–321.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cox, A., Rutter, M., Newman, S., & Bartak, L. (1975). A comparative study of infantile autism and specific developmental receptive language disorder: II. Parental characteristics.British Journal of Psychiatry, 126, 146–159.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. DeLong, G. R., & Dwyer, J. T. (1988). Correlation of family history with specific autistic subgroups: Asperger's syndrome and bipolar affective disease.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 593–600.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Folstein, S. E., & Rutter, M. L. (1988). Autism: Familial aggregation and genetic implications.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 3–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Goodman, R. (1989). Infantile autism: A syndrome of multiple primary deficits?Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 409–424.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Grove, W. M., Andreasen, N. C., McDonald Scott, P., Keller, M. B., & Shapiro, R. W. (1981). Reliability studies of psychiatric diagnosis: Theory and practice.Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 408–413.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Lotter, V. (1966). Epidemiology of autistic conditions in young children: I Prevalence.Social Psychiatry, 1, 124–137.Google Scholar
  9. Robins, L. N. (1985). Epidemiology: Reflections on testing the validity of psychiatric interviews.Archives of General Psychiatry, 42, 918–924.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Rutter, M., & Schopler, E. (1987). Autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Concepts and diagnostic issues.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 17, 159–186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Wolff, S., & Chick, J. (1980). Schizoid personality in childhood: a controlled follow-up study.Psychological Medicine, 10, 85–100.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Wolff, S., Narayan, S., & Moyes, B. (1988). Characteristics of parents of autistic children: A controlled study.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 29, 143–153.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sukhdev Narayan
    • 1
  • Barbara Moyes
    • 2
  • Sula Wolff
    • 3
  1. 1.Selly Oak HospitalBirmingham
  2. 2.Lothian Region Social Work DepartmentUSA
  3. 3.University of Edinburgh Department of PsychiatryUSA

Personalised recommendations