Zoospore motility favoured infection when sprouts and inoculum source were contigous. Infection from more distant inoculum involved soil fauna; earthworms were associated with infected plants 9 to 25 cm away from the inoculum source.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Agrios N 1980 Insect involvement in the transmission of fungal pathogens.In Vectors of Plant Pathogens. Eds. K F Harris and K Maramoroch. pp 293–324. Academic Press, New York.
Bal A K, Murphy A M and Hampson M C 1981 Ultrastructure and chemical analysis of the resting sporangium wall ofSynchytrium endobioticum. Can. J. Plant Pathol. 3, 86–89.
Beute M K and Benson D M 1979 Relation of small fauna to plant disease. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 17, 485–502.
Edwards C A and Lofty J R 1977 Biology of Earthworms. 2nd ed. Chapman and Hall, London. 333p.
Evans A C and Guild W J McL 1948 Studies on the relationships between earthworms and soil fertility. V. Field populations. Ann. Appl. Biol. 35, 485–493.
Guild W J MCL 1955 Earthworms and soil structure.In Soil zoology, Ed. D K McE Kevan. pp 83–98. Butterworths Sci. Publ., London.
Hampson M C 1981 Infection of additional hosts ofSynchytrium endobioticum, the causal agent of potato wart disease. 3. Tomato as an assay tool in potato wart disease. Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 61, 15–18.
Hampson M C and Coombes J W 1985 Stress and stimulus modifications of disease severity in the wart disease of potato. Phytopathology 75, 817–820.
Hilli A 1932 The reasons of the spread of potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum) (Schilb. Perc.) in Finland and abroad (In Finnish, Eng. summary). Valt. Maatalouskoet. Julk. 46, 1–249.
Hoffman J A and Purdy L H 1964 Germination of dwarf bunt teliospores and ingestion by earthworms. Phytopathology 54, 878–879.
Joestring 1909 The prevention and control of potato wart disease (In German). Deut. landwirtsch. Presse 36(88), 941.
Keogh R G and Christensen M J 1975 Influence of passage throughLumbricus rubellus Hoffmeister earthworms on viability ofPithomyces chartarum (Berk. and curt.) M.B. Ellis spores. N. Z. J. Agric. Res. 19, 255–256.
Langerfeld E 1984Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc. (In German, English summary). Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen bundesanstalt für Land-und Fortwirtschaft Berlin-Dahlem. 142p.
Murphy P W 1953 The biology of forest soils with special references to the mesofauna or meiofauna. J. Soil Sci. 4, 155–193.
Putnam M L and Hampson M C 1989 Rediscovery ofSynchytrium endobioticum in Maryland. Am. Pot. J. (In press).
Tracey M V 1951 Cellulase and chitinase of earthworms. Nature 167, 776–777.
Contribution No 93, Research Station, Agriculture Canada, P. O. Box 7098, A1E 3Y3.
About this article
Cite this article
Hampson, M.C., Coombes, J.W. Pathogenesis ofSynchytrium endobioticum VII. Earthworms as vectors of wart disease of potato. Plant Soil 116, 147–150 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02214540
- potato wart disease
- resting spore
- Synchytrium endobioticum