Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 389–396

Reliability and validity of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale-Tokyo version (CARS-TV)

  • Hiroshi Kurita
  • Yuko Miyake
  • Kaoru Katsuno
Article

Abstract

A Japanese translation of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) (the Tokyo version of the CARS, CARS-TV) was used with 167 developmentally disabled children under age 16. Cronbach's coefficient alpha was 87. The interrater reliability (r) for each of the 15 scales based on 128 children ranged from .43 to .77 with an average of .62. Based on the 167 children, the total CARS-TV score demonstrated a satisfactory level of taxonomic validity (Thorndike, 1982) on DSM-III diagnostic groups. The total score discriminated infantile autism and other pervasive developmental disorders more efficiently from mental retardation without an additional diagnosis of pervasive developmental disorder than an IQ. The total score also showed a satisfactory concurrent validity on the overall rating of autism.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1980).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. Parks, S. L. (1983). The assessment of autistic children: A selective review of available instruments.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 13, 255–267.Google Scholar
  3. Schopler, E. (1985). Jiheishou no shindan [Diagnostic classification: Childhood autism rating scale]. In E. Schopler, J. G. Olley, & M. D. Lansing (Eds.),Jiheishou no chiryoukyouiku program (pp. 35–63). Tokyo: Budo-sha.Google Scholar
  4. Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., DeVellis, R. F., & Daly, K. (1980). Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood autism rating scale (CARS).Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 10, 91–103.Google Scholar
  5. Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., & Renner, B. R. (1986).The childhood autism rating scale (CARS) for diagnostic screening and classification of autism. New York: Irvington.Google Scholar
  6. Shimizu, Y., Senda, S., Someya, R., Ohta, M., & Kawasaki, Y. (1987). Jiheishouji niokeru DQ to IQ tono kankei [Correlation between DQ and IQ in autistic children of pre-school age].Japanese Journal of Psychiatric Treatment, 2, 61–67.Google Scholar
  7. Takagi, H., Yanai, H., Hattori, Y., Ichikawa, M., Sato, S., & Marui, E. (1987).High quality analysis libraries for business and academic users [Computer program]. Kyoto: Gendaisugaku-Sha.Google Scholar
  8. Teal, M. B., & Wiebe, M. J. (1986). A validity analysis of selected instruments used to assess autism.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 16, 485–494.Google Scholar
  9. Thorndike, R. L. (1982). Group membership as a criterion variable. In R. L. Thorndike (Ed.),Applied psychometrics (pp. 220–222). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Kurita
    • 3
  • Yuko Miyake
    • 1
  • Kaoru Katsuno
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychiatric Research Institute of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Nerima Welfare Center for the Mentally and Physically HandicappedTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Division of Developmental DisordersNational Institute of Mental Health, NCNP, JapanIchikawa, ChibaJapan

Personalised recommendations