Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 573–581

A comparison of obstetrical records of autistic and nonautistic referrals for psychoeducational evaluations

  • Stine Levy
  • Brenda Zoltak
  • Tom Saelens
Article

Abstract

Heretofore most studies dealing with the association between perinatal complications and autism have used a normal comparison group. In this study obstetrical records of 59 autistic children were compared to those of 28 nonautistic children whose intelligence has a similar range and distribution as the autistic sample. Using an optimality score to reflect number of obstetrical complications, we found that the nonautistic controls experienced less optimal conditions than the autistic sample. Abnormal presentation at birth is the only factor that occurred more frequently for the autistic sample than control sample.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Broman, S., Nichols P., & Kennedy, W. (1975).Preschool IQ: prenatal and developmental correlates. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  2. Coleman, M., & Gillberg, C. (1986).The biology of the autistic syndromes. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  3. Costeff, H., Cohen, B., Weller, L., & Kleckner, H. (1981). Pathogenic factors in idiopathic mental retardation.Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 23, 484–493.Google Scholar
  4. Deykin, E., & MacMahon, G. (1980). Pregnancy delivery and neonatal complications among autistic children.American Journal of Diseases of Children, 134, 860–864.Google Scholar
  5. Finegan, J. A., & Quarrington, B. (1979). Pre-, peri- and neonatal factors and infantile autism.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 20, 119–128.Google Scholar
  6. Gillberg, C., & Gillberg, I. C. (1983). Infantile autism: A total population study of reduced optimality in the pre-, peri-, and neonatal period.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 13, 153–166.Google Scholar
  7. Knobloch, H., & Pasamanick, B. (1975). Some etiologic and prognostic factors in early infantile autism and psychosis.Journal of Pediatrics, 55, 182–191.Google Scholar
  8. Kolvin, I., Ounsted, C., & Roth, M. (1971). Studies in the childhood psychosis: Cerebral dysfunction and childhood psychoses.British Journal of Psychiatry, 118, 407–414.Google Scholar
  9. Levy, S. (1978).Developmental history for the diagnosis of autism. Bloomington, IN: Developmental Training Center.Google Scholar
  10. Lobascher, M. E., Kingerlee, P. E., & Gubbay, S. S. (1970). Childhood autism: An investigation of aetiological factors in twenty-five cases.British Journal of Psychiatry, 117, 525–529.Google Scholar
  11. Lord, C., & Schopler, E. (1985). Differences in sex ratios in autism as a function of measured intelligence.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 15, 185–193.Google Scholar
  12. Mason-Brothers, A., Ritvo, E., Guze, B., Mo, A., Freeman, B., Funderburk, S., & Schroth, P. (1987). Pre-, peri-, and postnatal factors in 181 autistic patients from single and multiple incidence families.Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 26, 39–42.Google Scholar
  13. Mullen, E. (1977).The psychological stimulus/response test, East Providence, RI: Meeting Street School.Google Scholar
  14. Rutt, C. N., & Offord, D. R. (1971). Prenatal and perinatal complications in childhood schizophrenia and their siblings.Journal of Nervous Mental Disorders, 152, 324–331.Google Scholar
  15. Rutter, M. (1979). Diagnosis and defintion. In M. Rutter & E. Schopler (Eds.),Autism: A reappraisal of concepts and treatment. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  16. Rutter, M. (1983). Cognitive deficits in the pathogenesis of autism.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 24, 513–531.Google Scholar
  17. Rutter, M., & Lockyer, L. (1967). A five to fifteen-year follow-up study of infantile psychosis: I. Description of the sample.British Journal of Psychiatry, 113, 1169–1182.Google Scholar
  18. Schopler, M., & Reichler, R. (1979).The psychoeducational profile (Vol. 1). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.Google Scholar
  19. Torrey, E., Hersh, S., & McCabe, K. (1975). Early childhood psychosis and bleeding during pregnancy.Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 5, 287–297.Google Scholar
  20. Whittam, H., Simon, G. B., & Mittler, P. J. (1966). The early development of psychotic children and their sibs.Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 8, 552–560.Google Scholar
  21. Yule, W. (1979). What are the “correct controls”? In M. Rutter & E. Schopler (Eds.),Autism: A reappraisal of concepts and treatment. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stine Levy
    • 1
  • Brenda Zoltak
    • 2
  • Tom Saelens
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for the Study of Developmental DisabilitiesIndiana UniversityBloomington
  2. 2.School of NursingIndiana UniversityUSA
  3. 3.South Bend Community SchoolsUSA

Personalised recommendations