Conductive hearing loss in autistic, learning-disabled, and normal children

  • Donald E. P. Smith
  • Samuel D. Miller
  • Michael Stewart
  • Timothy L. Walter
  • James V. McConnell
Article

Abstract

Katz (1978) has suggested that mild, fluctuating conductive hearing loss due to middle-ear anomalies may account for the language and attention problems of learning-disabled children. His position was extended here to include autism. Normal, learning-disabled, and autistic children received repeated impedance measures over 5 weeks. A repeated-measures ANOVA of central tendency and variablility values led to the conclusions that (1) fluctuating, negative middle-ear pressure greater than normal characterizes both autistic and learning-disabled children, (2) the negative pressure is greater in autistic than in learning-disabled children, and (3) the condition is typically bilateral for autistic children.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald E. P. Smith
    • 2
  • Samuel D. Miller
    • 1
  • Michael Stewart
    • 2
  • Timothy L. Walter
    • 2
  • James V. McConnell
    • 2
  1. 1.University of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA
  2. 2.School of Education, Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of MichiganAnn Arbor

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