Changes in cognitive and Language functioning of Preschool children with autism
- 740 Downloads
Preschool children with autism and their normally developing peers were compared on the Stanford-Binet IV and Preschool Language Scale before and after 1 school year. Both measures showed that although the children with autism functioned at a lower level than their normally developing peers, the children with autism had narrowed this gap after treatment, making a nearly 19-point increase in IQ and an 8-point gain in language quotient. The IQ measure remained stable for the normally developing peers while their language showed a 7.73-point increase. The data support the notion that young children with autism can make very significant developmental gains.
KeywordsYoung Child School Psychology Preschool Child Language Functioning Language Scale
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1980).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Author.Google Scholar
- American Psychiatric Association. (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev.). Washington DC: Author.Google Scholar
- Handleman, J. S., Harris, S. L., Kristoff, B., Fuentes, F., & Alessandri, M. (1991). A specialized program for preschool children with autism.Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools, 22, 1–5.Google Scholar
- Harris, S. L., Handleman, J. S., & Burton, J. B. (1990). The Stanford Binet profiles of young children with autism.Special Services in the School, 6, 135–143.Google Scholar
- Lord, C., & Schopler, E. (1988). Intellectual and developmental assessment of autistic children from preschool to schoolage: Clinical implications of two follow-studies. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.),Diagnosis and assessment in autism (pp. 167–181). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
- Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., DeVellis, R. F., & Daly, K. (1988).The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
- Strain, P. S., Hoyson, M., & Jamieson, B. (1985). Normally developing preschoolers as intervention agents for autistic-like children: Effects on class deportment and social interaction.Journal of the Division of Early Childhood, 9, 105–115.Google Scholar
- Thorndike, R. L., Hagen, E. R., & Sattler, J. M. (1986).The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (4th ed.). Chicago IL: Riverside.Google Scholar
- Zimmerman, I. L., Steiner, V. G., & Pond, R. E. (1979).Preschool Language Scale. Columbus OH: Charles Merrill.Google Scholar