Changes in cognitive and Language functioning of Preschool children with autism
- 643 Downloads
Preschool children with autism and their normally developing peers were compared on the Stanford-Binet IV and Preschool Language Scale before and after 1 school year. Both measures showed that although the children with autism functioned at a lower level than their normally developing peers, the children with autism had narrowed this gap after treatment, making a nearly 19-point increase in IQ and an 8-point gain in language quotient. The IQ measure remained stable for the normally developing peers while their language showed a 7.73-point increase. The data support the notion that young children with autism can make very significant developmental gains.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1980).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Author.Google Scholar
- American Psychiatric Association. (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev.). Washington DC: Author.Google Scholar
- Handleman, J. S., Harris, S. L., Kristoff, B., Fuentes, F., & Alessandri, M. (1991). A specialized program for preschool children with autism.Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools, 22, 1–5.Google Scholar
- Harris, S. L., Handleman, J. S., & Burton, J. B. (1990). The Stanford Binet profiles of young children with autism.Special Services in the School, 6, 135–143.Google Scholar
- Lord, C., & Schopler, E. (1988). Intellectual and developmental assessment of autistic children from preschool to schoolage: Clinical implications of two follow-studies. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.),Diagnosis and assessment in autism (pp. 167–181). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
- Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., DeVellis, R. F., & Daly, K. (1988).The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
- Strain, P. S., Hoyson, M., & Jamieson, B. (1985). Normally developing preschoolers as intervention agents for autistic-like children: Effects on class deportment and social interaction.Journal of the Division of Early Childhood, 9, 105–115.Google Scholar
- Thorndike, R. L., Hagen, E. R., & Sattler, J. M. (1986).The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (4th ed.). Chicago IL: Riverside.Google Scholar
- Zimmerman, I. L., Steiner, V. G., & Pond, R. E. (1979).Preschool Language Scale. Columbus OH: Charles Merrill.Google Scholar