Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 299–308 | Cite as

The relationship between existing residential services and the needs of autistic adults

  • Mary E. Van Bourgondien
  • Sybil Elgar
Special Issue: Residential Services


Existing residential services for adults with autism vary in size, location, and source of funding. Most service options have been designed for individuals with handicaps other than autism and therefore have difficulty addressing the needs of all but the highest functioning autistic adults. This paper provides a review of the characteristics of autism that affect adaptation to residential settings. A description of existing residential options based on the combined experiences of Great Britain and North Carolina is presented, and directions for future research are then discussed.


School Psychology Residential Setting Residential Service Combine Experience Service Option 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Everard, M. P. (1976, July).Mildly autistic young people and their problems. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Autism, St. Gallen, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  2. Favell, J. E. (1983). The management of aggressive behavior. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.),Autism in adolescents and adults (pp. 187–222). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  3. Fish, B., Shapiro, T., & Campbell, M. (1966). Long-term prognosis and the response of schizophrenic children to drug therapy: A controlled study of trifluoperazine.American Journal of Psychiatry, 123, 32–39.Google Scholar
  4. Gillberg, C., & Steffenburg, S. (1987). Outcome and prognostic factors in infantile autism and similar conditions: A population-based study of 46 cases followed through puberty.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 17, 273–287.Google Scholar
  5. Kanner, L., Rodriquez, A., & Ashenden, B. (1972). How far can autistic children go in matters of social adaptation?Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 2, 9–33.Google Scholar
  6. Landesman-Dwyer, S., Sackett, C. P., & Kleinman, J. S. (1980). Relationship of size to resident and staff behavior in small community residents.American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 85, 6–17.Google Scholar
  7. Lotter, V. (1978). Follow-up studies. In M. Rutter, & E. Schopler (Eds.),Autism: A reappraisal of concepts and treatment (pp. 475–495). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  8. Mental Health Study Committee (1985).Final report of the Mental Health Subcommittee: Adolescent and adult autistic program planning project. Raleigh, NC: Author.Google Scholar
  9. Mesibov, G. B. (1983). Current perspectives and issues in autism and adolescence. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.),Autism in adolescents and adults (pp. 37–53). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  10. Mesibov, G. B., & Lord, C. (1987).Some thoughts on social skills training for children, adolescents, and adults with autism. Unpublished manuscript, University of North Carolina, Division TEACCH, Chapel Hill.Google Scholar
  11. Mesibov, G. B., Schopler, E., & Sloan, J. L. (1983). Service development for adolescents and adults in North Carolina's TEACCH program. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.),Autism in adolescents and adults (pp. 411–432). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  12. Mesibov, G. B., & Shea, V. (1980, March).Social and interpersonal problems of autistic adolescents. Paper presented at the meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  13. Rutter, M. (1970). Autistic children: Infancy to adulthood.Seminars in Psychiatry, 2, 435–450.Google Scholar
  14. Schopler, E., & Mesibov, G. B. (Eds.). (1985).Communication problems in autism. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  15. Shevin, M., & Klein, N. K. (1984). The importance of choice-making skills for students with severe disabilities.Journal of the Association for the Severely Handicapped, 9, 159–166.Google Scholar
  16. Van Bourgondien, M. E., Mesibov, G. B., & Castelloe, P. (1989, July).Adaptation of clients with autism to group home settings. Paper presented at National Conference of Autism Society of America, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
  17. Wall, A. J. (1990). Group homes in North Carolina for children and adults with autism.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 353–366.Google Scholar
  18. Wolf, S., & Chess, S. (1965). An analysis of the language of fourteen schizophrenic children.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 6, 29–41.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary E. Van Bourgondien
    • 1
  • Sybil Elgar
    • 2
  1. 1.Division TEACCHUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillUSA
  2. 2.National Autistic SocietyLondonEngland

Personalised recommendations