Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 135–142 | Cite as

Competition between Rhizobium strains in nodule formation: Interaction between nodulating and non-nodulating strains

  • R. Winarno
  • T. A. Lie
Article

Summary

Nodulation of pea cv. Afghanistan and cv. Iran by a nodulating Rhizobium strain is suppressed by the presence of a non-nodulating strain. The degree of suppression varies, dependent on the Rhizobium strains used. There is a great variation in the competitive ability of the Rhizobium strains and this is not related to the ability to form root nodules. The critical period of competition is restricted to ca. 24 hours after inoculation.

Key words

Competition Rhizobium Root nodules Symbiotic nitrogen fixation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bohlool, B. B. and Schmidt, E. L. 1974 Lectins: a possible basis for specificity in theRhizobium-legume root nodule symbiosis. Science185, 269–271.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen, Ann-Ping, T. and Philips, D. A. 1976 Attachment ofRhizobium to legume roots as the basis for specific interactions. Physiol. Plant.38, 83–88.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dazzo, F. B., Napoli, C. A. and Hubbell, D. H. 1976 Adsorption of bacteria to roots as related to host specificity in theRhizobium-clover symbiosis. Appl. Env. Microbiol.32, 166–171.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gibson, A. H. 1968 Nodulation failure inTrifolium subterraneaum. L. cv. Woogenellup (syn. Marrar) Aust. J. Agric. Res.19, 907–918.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lie, T. A. 1971 Symbiotic nitrogen fixation under stress conditions. Plant and Soil. Spec. Vol. 127–177.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lie, T. A., Soe-Agnie, I. E., Muller, G. J. L. and Göktan, D. 1978 Environmental control of symbiotic nitrogen fixation: Limitations and flexibility of the legume/Rhizobium system.In Proceedings of Symposium in Soil Microbiology and Plant Nutrition. (W. J. Broughton, ed.) Kuala Lumpur, Malayan University Press,In press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lie, T. A. 1978 Symbiotic specialisation in pea plants: The requirement of specificRhizobium strains for peas from Afghanistan. Ann. Appl. Biol.88, 462–465.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lie, T. A., Winarno, R. and Timmermans, P. C. J. M. 1978Rhizobium strains from wild and cultivated legumes: Suppression of nodulation by a non-nodulatingRhizobium strain. Microbial Ecology (Eds. M. W. Loutit and J. A. R. Miles) 398–401. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Parker, C. A., Trinick, M. J. and Chatel, D. L. 1977 Rhizobia as soil and rhizosphere inhabitants.In A Treatise on Dinitrogen Fixation (Hardy, R. W. F. and Gibson, A. H., Eds.). New York, John Wiley and Sons, pp. 311–352.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Purchase, H. and Nutman, P. S. 1957 Studies on the physiology of nodule formation VI. The influence of bacterial numbers in the rhizosphere on nodule infection. Ann. Bot., London N.S.21, 439–454.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Van Egeraat, A. W. S. M. 1975 The growth ofRhizobium leguminosarum on the root surface and in the rhizosphere of pea seedlings in relation to root exudates. Plant and Soil42, 367–379.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Winarno
    • 1
  • T. A. Lie
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of MicrobiologyAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations