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Current Microbiology

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 367–372 | Cite as

Cell envelope impermeability to daptomycin inPseudomonas aeruginosa andPasteurella multocida

  • Franklin R. Champlin
  • Mark E. Hart
Article

Abstract

The exclusively gram-positive antibacterial spectrum of the lipopeptide daptomycin (LY146032) suggests that the underlying basis for intrinsic resistance in gram-negative organisms involves envelope impermeability. This study was undertaken to determine whether the outer membranes ofPseudomonas aeruginosa andPasteurella multocida can be rendered permeable to daptomycin by experimental modifications that result in susceptibility of gram-negative bacteria to lipophilic molecules. Turbidimetric growth assays revealed sublethal concentrations of polymyxin B or ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) sensitized all strains examined to the hydrophobic antibiotic novobiocin. Neither permeabilizer renderedPs. aeruginosa or a hydrophilicPa. multocida variant susceptible to daptomycin; however, polymyxin B sensitized a hydrophobicPa. multocida variant, whereas EDTA did not. Cells cultured with sublethal concentrations of polymyxin B or EDTA retained negatively charged cell surfaces comparable to those of control cells. Growth ofPa. multocida strains in the presence of polymyxin B did not result in modification of cell envelope lipid composition. These findings indicate that the ability of the outer membrane to retard the diffusion of daptomycin does not require normally intact structure, thereby suggesting that the residual negative charge of the cell surface may preclude interaction with the acidic antibiotic owing to electrostatic repulsion.

Keywords

Outer Membrane Daptomycin Polymyxin Cell Envelope Lipopeptide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franklin R. Champlin
    • 1
  • Mark E. Hart
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesMississippi State UniversityUSA

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