Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 261–283 | Cite as

Involvement in multiple problem behaviors of young urban adolescents

  • Charles Barone
  • Roger P. Weissberg
  • Wesley J. Kasprow
  • Charlene K. Voyce
  • Michael W. Arthur
  • Timothy P. Shriver
Articles

Abstract

This paper examines four areas of “problem behavior” (i.e., delinquency, high-risk sexual behavior, school failure, and substance abuse) in a sample of urban sixth and seventh grade students. We report descriptive statistics regarding rates of problem behaviors in each of the four categories and examine their interrelationships. The results suggest that the prevalence of problem behaviors in this sample is substantial. Data show a high degree of co-occurrence among problem behaviors in different areas, although many individuals also exhibit more limited involvement. These results underscore the importance of studying younger adolescents in poor, urban communities who may have different patterns and rates of problem behavior involvement than older youth from other contexts. The data also suggest that efforts to prevent high-risk involvements for youth in poor, urban communities should be broad-ranging and be implemented prior to middle school.

Key Words

Urban adolescents high-risk behavior co-occurrence 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akers, R. L. (1977).Deviant behavior: A social learning perspective. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  2. American School Health Association, Assocation for the Advancement of Health Education, & Society for Public Health Education. (1990).National Adolescent Student Health Survey. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, J., Aber, J. L., & Leadbeater, B. (1990). Adolescent behavior problems: The influence of attachment and autonomy.Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13, 455–467.Google Scholar
  4. Barone, C., Aguirre-Deandreis, A. I., & Trickett, E. J. (1991). Means-ends problem solving, life stress, and social support as mediators of adjustment in the normative transition to high school.American Journal of Community Psychology, 19, 207–225.Google Scholar
  5. Brooks-Gunn, J., & Furstenberg F. F. (1989). Adolescent sexual behavior.American Psychologist, 44, 249–257.Google Scholar
  6. Caplan, M., Weissberg, R. P., Grober, J. H., Sivo, P. J., Grady, K., & Jacoby, C. (1992). Social competence promotion with inner-city and suburban young adolescents: Effects on social adjustment and alcohol use.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 56–63.Google Scholar
  7. Centers for Disease Control (1991).Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Atlanta, GA: Author.Google Scholar
  8. Cherlin, A.J. (1988).The changing American family and public policy. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.Google Scholar
  9. Comer, J. P. (1988). Educating poor minority children.Scientific American, 259(5), 42–48.Google Scholar
  10. Cowen, E. L., & Work, W. C. (1988). Resilient, children, psychological wellness, and primary prevention.American Journal of Community Psychology, 16, 591–607.Google Scholar
  11. Donovan, J. E., & Jessor, R. (1985). Structure of problem behavior in adolescence and young adulthood.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 890–904.Google Scholar
  12. Donovan, J. E., Jessor, R., & Costa, F. M. (1988). Syndrome of problem behavior in preadolescence: A replication.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 762–765.Google Scholar
  13. Dryfood, J. g. (1990).Adolescents at risk. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Elias, M. J., Gara, M., Ubriaco, M., Rothbaum, P. A., Clabby, J. F., & Schuyler, T. (1986). Impact of a preventive social problem-solving intervention on children's coping with middle school stressors.American Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 259–275.Google Scholar
  15. Elias, M. J., Weissberg, R. P., Hawkins, J. D., Perry, C. L., Zins, J. E., Dodge, K. A., Kendall, P. C., Gottfredson, D., Rotheram-Borus, M. H., Jason, L. A., & Wilson-Brewer, R. (1993). The school-based promotion of social competence: Theory, research, practive, and policy. In R. J. Haggerty, N. Garmezy, M. Rutter, & L. R. Sherrod (Eds.).Stress, risk, and resilience in children and adolescents: Processes, mechanisms, and interventions. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Elliot, D., Huizinga, D., & Ageton, S. S. (1985).Explaining delinquency and drug use. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Ensminger, M. E. (1990). Sexual activity and problem behaviors among black, urban adolescents.Child Development, 61, 2032–2046.Google Scholar
  18. Farnworth, M. (1984). Male-female differences in delinquency in a minority groups sample.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 21, 191–192.Google Scholar
  19. Farrell, A. D., Danish, S. J., & Howard, C. W. (1992). Relationship between drug use and other problem behavior in urban adolescents.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 705–712.Google Scholar
  20. Farrington, D. P., Loeber, R., Elliot, D. S., Hawkins, J. D., Kandel, D. B., Klein, M. W., McCord, J., Rowe, D. C., & Tremblay, R. E. (1990). Advancing knowledge about the onset of delinquency and crime. In B. B. Lahey & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.),Advances in clinical child psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 283–342). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  21. Fingerhut, L. A., Imgram, D. D., & Feldman, J. J. (1992). Firearm homicide among Black teenage males in metropolitan counties: Comparison of death rates in two periods, 1983–1985 and 1987 through 1989.Journal of the American Medical Assocation, 267, 3054–3058.Google Scholar
  22. Ford, M. E. (1985). Primary prevention: Key issues and a competence perspective.Journal of Primary Prevention, 5, 264–266.Google Scholar
  23. Gans, J. E., Blyth, D. A., Elster, A. B., & Gaveras, L. L. (1990).America' adolescents: How healthy are they? Chicago, IL: American Medical Association.Google Scholar
  24. Garbarino, J. (1992).Children in danger: coping with the consequences of community violence. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.Google Scholar
  25. Gillmore, M. R., Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., Day, L. E., Moore, M., & Abbot, R. (1991). Structure of problem behaviors in preadolescence.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 499–506.Google Scholar
  26. Hagan, J., Gillis, A. R., & Simpson, J. (1985). The class structure of gender and delinquency: Toward a power-control theory of common delinquent behavior.American Journal of Sociology, 90, 1151–1178.Google Scholar
  27. Hamburg, D. A., & Takanishi, R. (1989). Preparing for life: The critical transition of adolescence.American Psychologist, 5, 825–827.Google Scholar
  28. Hawkins, J. D., & Catalano, R. F. (1990)Seattle Social Development Project. Seattle, WA: Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington.Google Scholar
  29. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., & Miller, J. Y. (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention.Psychological Bulletin, 112, 64–105.Google Scholar
  30. Hechinger, F. M. (1992).Fateful choices: Healthy youth for the 21st century. New York: Hill & Wang.Google Scholar
  31. Hirschi, T. (1969).Causes of delinquency. Berkeley: University of California.Google Scholar
  32. Jackson, A. w., & Hornbeck, D. W. (1989). Educating young adolescents: Why we must restructure middle grade schools.American Psychologist, 44, 831–836.Google Scholar
  33. Jessor, R., Donovan, J. E., & Costa, F. M. (1989).School health study. Boulder, CO: Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.Google Scholar
  34. Johnston, L. D., Bachman, J. g., & O'Malley, P. M. (1990).Monitoring the Future. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  35. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. (1989). Drug use, drinking, and smoking:National survey results from high school, college, and young adult populations. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  36. Kandel, D. B. (1989). Issues of sequencing of adolescent drug use and other problem behaviors. In B. Segal (Ed.),Perspectives on adolescent drug use (pp. 55–76). Binghamton, NY: Haworth. Kandel, D. B., & Logan, J. A. (1984). Patterns of drug use from adolescence to young adulthood: I. Periods of risk for initiation, continued use, and discontinuation.American Journal of Public Health, 74, 660–666.Google Scholar
  37. Kaplan, H. B. (1975).Self-attitudes and deviant behavior. Pacific Palisades, CA: Goodyear.Google Scholar
  38. Luthar, S. S., & Zigler, E. (1991). Vulnerability and competence: A review of research on resilience in childhood.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 61, 6–22.Google Scholar
  39. Masten, A. S., Best, K. M., & Garmezy, N., (1990). Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity.Development and Psychopathology, 2, 425–444.Google Scholar
  40. McGee, L., & Newcomb, M. D. (1992). General deviance syndrome: Expanded hierarchical evaluations at four ages from early adolescence to adulthood.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 766–776.Google Scholar
  41. Metropolitan Achievement Test. (1990). San Antonio, Texas: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  42. National Commission on the Role of School and Community in Improving Adolescent Health. (1990).Code Blue: Uniting for healthier youth. Alexandria, VA: National Association of State Boards of Education.Google Scholar
  43. Nettles, S. M., & Pleck, J. H. (1993). Risk, resilience, and development: The multiple ecologies of black adolescence. In R. J. Haggerty, N. Garmezy, M. Rutter, & L. Sherrod (Eds.),Stress, risk, and resilience in children and adolescents: Processes, mechanisms, and interventions. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Newcomb, M. D., & Bentler, P. M. (1989). Substance use and abuse among teenagers.American Psychologist, 44, 242–248.Google Scholar
  45. Oetting, E. R., & Beauvais, F. (1990). Adolescent drug use: Findings of national and local surveys.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 385–394.Google Scholar
  46. Report of the Task Force on Education of Young Adolescents. (1989).Turning points: Preparing American youth for the 21st century. Washington, DC: Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development.Google Scholar
  47. Rutter, M., Yule, B., Quinton, D., Rowlands, O., Yule, W., & Berger, M. (1975). Attainment and adjustment in two geographical ares. III. Some factors accounting for area differences.British Journal of Psychiatry, 126, 520–533.Google Scholar
  48. Shelder, J., & Block, J. (1990). Adolescent drug use and psychological health.American Psychologist, 45, 612–630.Google Scholar
  49. Weissberg, R. P. & Caplan, M. (1993).Promoting social competence and preventing antisocial behavior in urban adolescents. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  50. Weissberg, R. P., Caplan, M., & Harwood, R. L. (1991). Promoting competent young people incompetence-enhancing environments: A systems-based perspective on primary prevention.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 830–841.Google Scholar
  51. Weissberg, R. P., Jackson, A. S., & Shriver, T. P. (1993). Promoting positive social development and health practicesin young urban adolescents. In M. J. Elias (Ed.),Social decision making and life skills guidelines for school educators (pp. 45–77). Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publications.Google Scholar
  52. Weissberg, R. P., Voyce, C. K., Kasprow, W. J., Arthur, M. W., & Shriver, T. P. (1991).The Social and Health Assessment. Chicago, IL: Authors.Google Scholar
  53. Zabin, L. S. (1990). Adolescent pregnancy and early sexual onset. In B. B. Lahey & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.),Advances in clinical child psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 283–342). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  54. Zaslow, M. J., & Takanishi, R. (1993). Priorities for research on adolescent development.American Psychologist, 48, 185–192.Google Scholar
  55. Zimmerman, M. A., & Maton, K. I. (1992). Life-style and substance use among male African-American urban adolescents: A cluster analytic approach.American Journal of Community Psychology, 20, 121–138.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Barone
    • 1
  • Roger P. Weissberg
    • 1
  • Wesley J. Kasprow
    • 1
  • Charlene K. Voyce
    • 1
  • Michael W. Arthur
    • 1
  • Timothy P. Shriver
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYale UniversityNew Haven

Personalised recommendations