Model of the water exchange through the Bosphorus (a hydrodynamic estimate of blocking conditions for the Bosphorus undercurrent
- 47 Downloads
A three-dimensional linear model of the stationary water circulation in the Bosphorus due to the river's outflow, density differences at the ends of the straits, and win is considered allowing for the earth's rotation and the bottom topography. The channel approximation and the method of the separation of variables are used to obtain the analytical solution of the problem. The solution obtained describes the main circulation elements which are know from observations. The influence of different parameters on the formation of vertical and horizontal structures of the velocity field is analysed.
Blocking conditions for the Bosphorus undercurrent are estimated. Possible variations in the structure of flows in the straits related to the regulated outflow of the rivers of the Black Sea basin are discussed.
KeywordsClimate Change Linear Model Velocity Field Stationary Water Environmental Physic
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Makarov, S. O. On the water exchange between the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea.Notes of the Imperial Acad. Sci. (1985), St Petersburg, Russia, 1–147.Google Scholar
- 2.Möller, L. Alfred Merz' hydrographische Untersuchungen in Bosphorus und Dardanellen.Veroff. Inst. Merresk., Berlin Univ. (1928)18, 284 p.Google Scholar
- 3.Ullyott, P. and Ilgaz, O. The hydrography of the Bosphorus. An introduction.Geogr. Rev. (1946)36, 46–60.Google Scholar
- 4.Tolmazin, D. Changing coastal oceanography of the Black Sea.Prog. Oceanogr. (1985)15, 217–316.Google Scholar
- 5.Bogdanova, A. K. Hydrology of the Bosphorus and the near Bosphorus region of the Black Sea. In:Water Exchange through the Bosphorus and its Influence on the Hydrology and Biology of the Black Sea. Kiev: Naukova Dumka (1969), 5–121.Google Scholar
- 6.Boguslavsky, S. G. Water exchange through the Bosphorus and the problems of the Black Sea associated with it. In:Studies on the Water Dynamics and Hydrochemistry of the Black Sea. Moscow: Nauka (1978), Part 1, pp. 64–83.Google Scholar
- 7.Bogdanova, A. K. and Stepanov, V. N. A hydrodynamic estimate of the blocking conditions of the Bosphorus undercurrent.Okeanologia (1974),14, 48–52.Google Scholar
- 8.Tolmazin, D. M. Steady model of the water motion in stratified straits. In:Oceanographic Studies of the Black Sea. Kiev: Naukova Dumka (1967), pp. 18–34.Google Scholar
- 9.Mikhailova, E. N., Fel'zenbaum, A. I. and Shapiro, N. B. On the problem of the computation of steady sea and ocean currents.Rep. USSR Acad. Sci. (1966)168, 68–71.Google Scholar
- 10.Bulgakov, S. N. and Korotaev, G. K. Modelling of large scale features of dynamics and water structure of the Black Sea.Preprint MHI, Sevastopol (1989), 42 p.Google Scholar
- 11.Gunnerson, C. G. and Özturgut, E.The Bosphorus-Black Sea-Geology, Chemistry and Biology. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Tulsa, Oklahoma (1974), pp. 99–114.Google Scholar
- 12.Vendrov, S. L.Problems of Transformation of River Systems in the USSR. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat (1979), 207 p.Google Scholar
- 13.Blatov, A. S., Kosarev, A. N. and Tuzhilkin, V. S. Variability of the hydrological structure of the Black Sea waters and its connection with external factors.Water Resources (1980)6, 71–82.Google Scholar