Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 507–516 | Cite as

Newcomer socialization: The role of supervisors, coworkers, friends and family members

  • Randall P. Settoon
  • Cheryl L. Adkins
Full Articles


The present study examined referents for sensemaking and the relationships between choice of referent and socialization outcomes. Newly hired employees of a state department of mental health were surveyed at two time periods approximately six months apart. Results indicated that newcomer use of friends and family as referents for sensemaking predicted socialization outcomes at Time 1, whereas use of supervisors and coworkers as referents for sensemaking predicted socialization outcomes at Time 2. The implications of these results for practice are discussed.


Mental Health Family Member State Department Social Psychology Social Issue 
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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Randall P. Settoon
    • 2
  • Cheryl L. Adkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Louisiana State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of ManagementSoutheastern Louisiana UniversityHammond

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