Advertisement

International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 229–242 | Cite as

Soil-eating byAlouatta andAteles

  • Kosei Izawa
Article

Abstract

Among 12 species of New World monkeys studied in La Macarena Region and the River Caquetá basin of Colombia, onlyAlouatta seniculus andAteles belzebuth were frequently observed to eat soil. They do this at particular sites on the ground called “salados” by local people. They also eat termite nests found on tree trunks. OnlyAteles drink the water of salado sites. The chemical properties of 17 soil samples and 5 water samples were analyzed. The results are discussed in relation to the question of whyAlouatta andAteles eat soil.

Key Words

soil-eating Aloatta seniculus Ateles belzebuth chemical properties 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Davies, A. G., and Baillie, I. C. (1988). Soil-eating by red leaf monkeys (Presbytis rubicunda) in Sabah, northern Borneo.Biotropica 20: 252–258.Google Scholar
  2. Editorial Committee for Standard Technique of Soil Analyses and Measurement (1986).Standard Technique of Soil Analyses and Measurement, Hakuyu-sha, Tokyo (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  3. Eudy, A. (1978). Earth-eating by macaques in Thailand.Recent Adv. Primatol. 1: 351–353.Google Scholar
  4. Goltenboth, R. (1976). Non-human primates (apes, monkeys and prosimians). In Kloss, H. G., and Lang, E. M. (eds.),Handbook of Zoo Medicine, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp. 46–85.Google Scholar
  5. Goodall, J. (1963). Feeding behavior of wild chimpanzees.Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 10: 39–47.Google Scholar
  6. Hall, K. R. L. (1962). Numerical data, maintenance activities and locomotion of the wild chacma baboonPapio ursinus.Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 139: 181–220.Google Scholar
  7. Hladik, C. M. (1977). A comparative study of the feeding strategies of two sympatric species of leaf monkey:Presbytis senex andP. entellus. In Clutton-Brock, T. H. (ed.),Primate Ecology, Academic Press, London, pp. 323–353.Google Scholar
  8. Hladik, C. M., and Guegen, L. (1974). Géophagie et nutrition minérale chez les primates sauvages.C.R. hebd. Seanc. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. D 279: 1393–1396.Google Scholar
  9. Inoue, M (1987). Soil-eating of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) at Arashiyama, Kyoto.Primate Res. 3: 103–111 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  10. Izawa, K. (1975). Foods and feeding behavior of monkeys in the upper Amazon Basin.Primates 16: 295–316.Google Scholar
  11. Izawa, K. (1980). Social behavior of the wild black-capped capuchin (Cebus apella).Primates 21: 433–467.Google Scholar
  12. Izawa, K., and Nishimura, A. (1988). Primate fauna at the study site.Field Stud. New World Monkeys La Macarena Colombia 1: 5–11.Google Scholar
  13. Izawa, K., and Tokuda, K. (1988). General aspects of study site.Field Stud. New World Monkeys La Macarena Colombia 1: 1–3.Google Scholar
  14. Izawa, K., Kimura, K., and Samper-Nieto, A. (1979). Grouping of the wild spider monkeys.Primates 20: 503–512.Google Scholar
  15. McKey, D. B. (1978). Soils, vegetation and seed eating by black colobus monkeys. In Montgomery, G. G. (ed.),The Ecology of Arboreal Folivores, Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 423–437.Google Scholar
  16. Oates, J. F. (1978). Water-plant and soil consumption by guereza monkeys (Colobus guereza): A relationship with minerals and toxins in the diet.Biotropica 10: 241–253.Google Scholar
  17. Poirier, F. E. (1970). The Nilgiri langur (Presbytis johnii) of South India. In Rosenblum, L. A. (ed.),Primate Behavior: Developments in Field and Laboratory Research Vol. 1, Academic Press, New York, pp. 251–383.Google Scholar
  18. Schaller, G. B. (1963).The Mountain Gorilla: Ecology and Behavior, Chicago University Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  19. Stark, N. M. (1970). The nutrient content of plants and soils from Brazil and Surinam.Biotropica 2: 51–60.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kosei Izawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Miyagi University of EducationSendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations