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Zeitschrift für Jagdwissenschaft

, Volume 48, Supplement 1, pp 291–300 | Cite as

Challenges and opportunities facing wildlife conservation and cultural sustainability in the Paphos Forest, Cyprus: Historical overview and contemporary perspective

  • Marina Michaelidou
  • D. J. Decker
XXVth IUGB Congress Man and Wildlife-Culture, Traditional Hunting, Conflicts and Values
  • 502 Downloads

Summary

In light of the increasing loss of species diversity and human cultural diversity and the pressure topdown nature conservation has often placed on local cultures around the world, understanding the linkages between conservation and cultural sustainability and finding ways to address them in an integrated way have become critically important. The potential for linking conservation and cultural sustainability is examined through the case of the Paphos Forest in Cyprus. In the Paphos Forest, the Cyprus mouflon (Ovis gmelini ophion), an endangered subspecies of wild sheep, faces an uncertain future, while small village communities are experiencing decline and are struggling to sustain their way of life. This paper describes the historical context that has guided conservation policy in Cyprus and presents the findings of a preliminary qualitative inquiry conducted in the summer of 2000 in four village communities in the Paphos Forest. The inquiry revealed that local people are greatly concerned about the future of their villages and find intolerable the agricultural damages caused by mouflon, which place an additional strain on local agriculture. Despite these problems, there is potential for linking conservation with efforts to enhance the viability of the village communities. Local people value the forest and generally support the conservation of the Cyprus mouflon, which is considered an element of the local culture. Furthermore, people would welcome opportunities to participate in conservation programs, with the hope that this would benefit both mouflon and their communities.

Key words

Cultural sustainability Cyprus mouflon Paphos Forest values wildlife conservation 

Herausforderungen und Möglichkeiten für Wildtierschutz und kulturelle Nachhaltigkeit im Paphos-Wald, Zypern: historische Übersicht und gegenwärtige Aussichten

Zusammenfassung

In Anbetracht des zunehmenden Artenverlusts und der Abnahme menschlicher kultureller Vielfalt sowie dem Druck von oben gelenkter Naturschutzma\nahmen auf einheimische Kulturen weltweit, ist das Verständnis der Verbindung zwischen Naturschutz und Bewahrung kultureller Traditionen und die Integration dieser Bestrebungen von wesentlicher Bedeutung. Die Möglichkeit zur Verbindung von Naturschutz und Kulturbewahrung wird am Beispiel des Paphos-Waldes auf Zypern untersucht. Im Paphos-Wald sieht das zyprische Mufflon (Ovis gmelini ophion), eine gefährdete Unterart des Wildschafs, einer Ungewissen Zukunft entgegen, während die kleinen Dorfgemeinden einen Niedergang erleben und um ihr Dasein kämpfen. Dieser Bericht beschreibt den geschichtlichen Hintergrund der Naturschutzpolitik auf Zypern und präsentiert die Ergebnisse einer vorläufigen qualitativen Untersuchung, die in 4 Dorfgemeinschaften im Paphos-Wald im Sommer 2000 durchgeführt wurde. Die Befragung ergab, dass die einheimische Bevölkerung um die Zukunft ihrer Dörfer sehr besorgt ist, und die von den Mufflons verursachten landwirtschaftlichen Schäden, die eine zusätzliche Belastung für die örtliche Landwirtschaft darstellen, als nicht tolerabel betrachtet. Trotz dieser Probleme ist ein Potenzial vorhanden, um den Naturschutz mit Anstrengungen zur Verbesserung der Lebensfähigkeit der Dorfgemeinschaften zu verbinden. Die einheimische Bevölkerung schätzt den Wald und unterstützt im Allgemeinen die Erhaltung des Mufflons, das als Bestandteil der örtlichen Kultur betrachtet wird. Weiterhin würde die Bevölkerung gerne an Naturschutz-Programmen teilnehmen, in der Hoffnung dass davon sowohl die Mufflons als auch die Dorfgemeinschaften profitieren.

Schlüsselwörter

Kulturelle Nachhaltigkeit zyprisches Mufflon Paphos-Wald Werte Wilderhaltung 

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Copyright information

© Blackwell Verlag GmbH 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina Michaelidou
    • 1
  • D. J. Decker
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Dimensions Research Unit Department of Natural ResourcesCornell UniversityLimassol

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