TheAspergillus parasiticus polyketide synthase genepksA, a homolog ofAspergillus nidulans wA, is required for aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis
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- Chang, PK., Cary, J.W., Yu, J. et al. Molec. Gen. Genet. (1995) 248: 270. doi:10.1007/BF02191593
Aflatoxins comprise a group of polyketide-derived carcinogenic mycotoxins produced byAspergillus parasiticus andAspergillus flavus. By transformation with a disruption construct, pXX, we disrupted the aflatoxin pathway inA. parasiticus SRRC 2043, resulting in the inability of this strain to produce aflatoxin intermediates as well as a major yellow pigment in the transformants. The disruption was attributed to a single-crossover, homologous integration event between pXX and the recipientA. parasiticus genome at a specific locus, designatedpksA. Sequence analysis suggest thatpksA is a homolog of theAspergillus nidulans wA gene, a polyketide synthase gene involved in conidial wall pigment biosynthesis. The conservedβ-ketoacyl synthase, acyltransferase and acyl carrier-protein domains were present in the deduced amino acid sequence of thepksA product. Noβ-ketoacyl reductase and enoyl reductase domains were found, suggesting thatpksA does not encode catalytic activities for processingβ-carbon similar to those required for long chain fatty acid synthesis. ThepksA gene is located in the aflatoxin pathway gene cluster and is linked to thenor-1 gene, an aflatoxin pathway gene required for converting norsolorinic acid to averantin. These two genes are divergently transcribed from a 1.5 kb intergenic region. We propose thatpksA is a polyketide synthase gene required for the early steps of aflatoxin biosynthesis.
Key wordsPolyketide synthase gene Aflatoxin Aspergillus parasiticus Gene cluster Anthraquinone
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