In recent years research on senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT) has made progress within the field of pathology and to a certain extent in that of heredity. Within epidemiology, the search for risk factors is intensifying but the findings are still inconclusive. The present study of possible risk factors concentrates on environmental and personality factors. The total population of 2612 persons from a geographically delimited area, Lundby, two neighbouring parishes in southern Sweden, was examined in 1957 by one psychiatrist (Hagnell). A follow-up study of the same population, irrespective of domicile, was performed 15 years later, in 1972. Various precipitating as well as protective personality background factors were found to be significant for the outcome of SDAT, but no environmental factors appeared to be statistically significant in this cohort.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Breitner JCS (1990) Organic disorders including Alzheimer's disease. Curr Opin Psychiatry 4:492–496
Essen-Möller E (1980) The psychology and psychiatry of Henrik Sjöbring (1879–1956) Psychol Med 10:201–210
Essen-Möller E, Hagnell O (1975) ‘Normal’ and ‘lesional’ traits of personality according to Sjöbring: Re-ratings and prognostic implications. Neuropsychobiology 1:146–154
Hagnell O (1966) A prospective study of the incidence of mental disorder. Svenska Bokförlaget, Lund
Hagnell O, Lanke J, Rorsman B, Öhman R (1986) Predictors of alcoholism in the Lundby Study. I. Material and methods. Eur Arch Psychiatr Neurol Sci 235:187–191
Hagnell O, Essen-Möller E, Lanke J, Öjesjö L, Rorsman B (1990) The incidence of mental illness over a quarter of a century. The Lundby longitudinal study of mental illnesses in a total population based on 42,000 observation years. Almqvist & Wiksell, Lund
Hagnell O, Franck A, Gräsbeck A, Öhman R, Öjesjö L, Otterbeck L, Rorsman B (1991) Senile Dementia of the Alzheimer Type in the Lundby Study — a prospective, epidemiological study of incidence and risk during the 15 years 1957–1972. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 241:159–164
Henderson AS (1988) The risk factors for Alzheimer's disease: a review and a hypothesis. Acta Psychiatr Scand 78:257–275
Jorm AF, Broe GA, Henderson AS, Creasey H, McCusker E, Korten AE, Longley W, Anthony JC (1990) A case-control study of Alzheimer's disease in Australia. Neurology 11:1698–1707
Nyman GE (1956) Variations in personality. Acta Psychiatr Neurol Scand Suppl 107
Rotschild D (1947) Senile psychoses and psychoses with cerebral arteriosclerosis. In: Kaplan O (ed) Mental disorders in later life. Stanford University Press, 233 Standford, Cal. (later edition in 1956)
Sands S, Rotschild D (1952) Sociopsychiatric foundations for a theory of the reactions to ageing. J Nerv Metn Dis 116:233–239
Sjöbring H (1963) La personnalité; structure et développement. Doin, Paris
Sjöbring H (1973) Personality structure and development. A model and its application. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl 244
This study has been supported by the following grants: The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation No. 71/2; The Swedish Medical Research Council Nos. 3474, 4803, 6008, 6881; Delegation for Social Research No. 83/64:1–2. The study was performed with the approval of the Ethical Committee of the Lund University Faculty of Medicine and with the permission of the Swedish Data Inspection Board.
About this article
Cite this article
Hagnell, O., Franck, A., Gräsbeck, A. et al. Senile dementia of the Alzheimer type in the Lundby study. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Nuerosci 241, 231–235 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02190258
- Risk factors
- Lundby Study